In the food and feed industry, protein extraction is commonly performed under acid or basic conditions, combined with heat, in order to increase the extraction yield. Under severe processing conditions, proteins may undergo molecular modifications. Here, the effects of heating (30, 60, 90 °C) at different pH values (2, 7, 9, 11, 13) were evaluated on commercial whey proteins, used as a simplified protein model. The main structure and chemical modifications concerning protein aggregation, hydrolysis, insolubilization, amino acid degradation and racemization were investigated in detail. Using in vitro static models, the degree of protein hydrolysis and the released peptides were determined after the digestive process. Accumulation of molecular modifications was mostly observed after basic pH and high temperatures treatments, together with a marked decrease and modification of the digestibility profile. Instead, protein digestibility increased in neutral and acidic conditions in a temperature-dependent manner, even if some modification in the structure occurs.

Structural and chemical changes induced by temperature and pH hinder the digestibility of whey proteins / Accardo, F.; Leni, G.; Tedeschi, T.; Prandi, B.; Sforza, S.. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 387(2022), p. 132884.132884. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132884]

Structural and chemical changes induced by temperature and pH hinder the digestibility of whey proteins

Accardo F.;Leni G.;Tedeschi T.;Prandi B.;Sforza S.
2022

Abstract

In the food and feed industry, protein extraction is commonly performed under acid or basic conditions, combined with heat, in order to increase the extraction yield. Under severe processing conditions, proteins may undergo molecular modifications. Here, the effects of heating (30, 60, 90 °C) at different pH values (2, 7, 9, 11, 13) were evaluated on commercial whey proteins, used as a simplified protein model. The main structure and chemical modifications concerning protein aggregation, hydrolysis, insolubilization, amino acid degradation and racemization were investigated in detail. Using in vitro static models, the degree of protein hydrolysis and the released peptides were determined after the digestive process. Accumulation of molecular modifications was mostly observed after basic pH and high temperatures treatments, together with a marked decrease and modification of the digestibility profile. Instead, protein digestibility increased in neutral and acidic conditions in a temperature-dependent manner, even if some modification in the structure occurs.
Structural and chemical changes induced by temperature and pH hinder the digestibility of whey proteins / Accardo, F.; Leni, G.; Tedeschi, T.; Prandi, B.; Sforza, S.. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 387(2022), p. 132884.132884. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2022.132884]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2921269
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