Authenticity has probably always been a major concern of many consumers, and it is still gaining more and more importance. In Europe, origin is one of the main authenticity issues dealing with food. The European legislation clearly shows this trend. As a matter of fact the trend can be detected already in horizontal sets of rules such as the white paper on food safety, and then in the commission Regulation 178/2002. Vertical sets of rules stress this tendency, for instance bovine meat Regulation CE 1760 17/07/2000 made the indication of origin on meat carcasses mandatory. Commission Directive 2001/110/CE posed the same condition for honey. The EU Commission regulation No 2065/2001 of 22 October 2001 has laid down detailed rules for the application of Council Regulation 104/2000 as regards informing consumers about fishery and aquaculture products. The information includes, between others, the area in which it was caught. In the case of cultivated species, the regulation indicates that a reference should be made to the country in which the product undergoes the final developmental stage. High quality products with geographical indications and designations of origin following Commission Regulation 509/2006 are generally high-priced and bring in a higher benefit to the producers than ordinary products. So there is a need to protect such products by detecting possible commercial frauds. These products are defined by geographical origin, know-how and in some cases by feeding diet and animal breed. In order to inform consumers and to protect typical products it must be stressed that while there are several methods suitable for species identification (mostly based on techniques on DNA), there is yet none accepted for the unequivocal determination of the geographical origin. Yet, these are important data necessary to confirm the traceability documentation of the product and to detect frauds. At present knowledge stable isotopes determination looks as the most feasible way to establish the geographical origin of food products.
I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.