Objectives: The aim of the project was to develop and characterise powders containing a probiotic (Lactiplantibacillus plantarum [Lpb. plantarum], Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus, or Lactobacillus acidophilus) to be administered to the lung for the containment of pathogen growth in patients with lung infections. Methods: The optimised spray drying process for the powder manufacturing was able to preserve viability of the bacteria, which decreased of only one log unit and was maintained up to 30 days. Results: Probiotic powders showed a high respirability (42%-50% of particles had a size < 5 µm) suitable for lung deposition and were proven safe on A549 and Calu-3 cells up to a concentration of 107 colony-forming units/mL. The Lpb. plantarum adhesion to both cell lines tested was at least 10%. Surprisingly, Lpb. plantarum powder was bactericidal at a concentration of 106 colony-forming units/mL on P. aeruginosa, whereas the other two strains were bacteriostatic. Conclusion: This work represents a promising starting point to consider a probiotic inhalation powder a value in keeping the growth of pathogenic microflora in check during the antibiotic inhalation therapy suspension in cystic fibrosis treatment regimen. This approach could also be advantageous for interfering competitively with pathogenic bacteria and promoting the restoration of the healthy microbiota.

Development of inhalation powders containing lactic acid bacteria with antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa / Glieca, Stefania; Quarta, Eride; Bottari, Benedetta; Bancalari, Elena; Monica, Saverio; Scaltriti, Erika; Tambassi, Martina; Flammini, Lisa; Bertoni, Simona; Bianchera, Annalisa; Fainardi, Valentina; Esposito, Susanna; Pisi, Giovanna; Bettini, Ruggero; Sonvico, Fabio; Buttini, Francesca. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. - ISSN 0924-8579. - 63:1(2023). [10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2023.107001]

Development of inhalation powders containing lactic acid bacteria with antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Glieca, Stefania
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Quarta, Eride
Methodology
;
Bottari, Benedetta
Methodology
;
Bancalari, Elena
Investigation
;
Monica, Saverio
Investigation
;
Scaltriti, Erika
Methodology
;
Tambassi, Martina
Investigation
;
Flammini, Lisa
Investigation
;
Bertoni, Simona
Methodology
;
Bianchera, Annalisa
Methodology
;
Fainardi, Valentina
Conceptualization
;
Esposito, Susanna
Conceptualization
;
Bettini, Ruggero;Sonvico, Fabio
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Buttini, Francesca
Supervision
2023-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the project was to develop and characterise powders containing a probiotic (Lactiplantibacillus plantarum [Lpb. plantarum], Lacticaseibacillus rhamnosus, or Lactobacillus acidophilus) to be administered to the lung for the containment of pathogen growth in patients with lung infections. Methods: The optimised spray drying process for the powder manufacturing was able to preserve viability of the bacteria, which decreased of only one log unit and was maintained up to 30 days. Results: Probiotic powders showed a high respirability (42%-50% of particles had a size < 5 µm) suitable for lung deposition and were proven safe on A549 and Calu-3 cells up to a concentration of 107 colony-forming units/mL. The Lpb. plantarum adhesion to both cell lines tested was at least 10%. Surprisingly, Lpb. plantarum powder was bactericidal at a concentration of 106 colony-forming units/mL on P. aeruginosa, whereas the other two strains were bacteriostatic. Conclusion: This work represents a promising starting point to consider a probiotic inhalation powder a value in keeping the growth of pathogenic microflora in check during the antibiotic inhalation therapy suspension in cystic fibrosis treatment regimen. This approach could also be advantageous for interfering competitively with pathogenic bacteria and promoting the restoration of the healthy microbiota.
2023
Development of inhalation powders containing lactic acid bacteria with antimicrobial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa / Glieca, Stefania; Quarta, Eride; Bottari, Benedetta; Bancalari, Elena; Monica, Saverio; Scaltriti, Erika; Tambassi, Martina; Flammini, Lisa; Bertoni, Simona; Bianchera, Annalisa; Fainardi, Valentina; Esposito, Susanna; Pisi, Giovanna; Bettini, Ruggero; Sonvico, Fabio; Buttini, Francesca. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS. - ISSN 0924-8579. - 63:1(2023). [10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2023.107001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2965632
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