In recent years, due to the significant increase in hypertension, peptides which are able to reduce blood pressure have gained special interest by scientific research and food industry. Several bioactive peptides with ascertained ACE-inhibitory activity have been found in Parmigiano Reggiano (PR) cheese and/or mixtures deriving from its digestion in vitro, and this may be predictive of its potential antihypertensive effect in vivo. This study investigated the long-term effect of feeding (PR) cheese on blood pressure (BP) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). A total of 30 male SHRs, 13 weeks old, were subdivided into 6 groups balanced for body weight and BP, to receive daily dietary supplementation with: 0.1–0.2–0.4–0.6 g PR/rat, captopril, and water. Systolic and diastolic BP were recorded every two weeks, for 10 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the trial. Dietary integration with PR led to a transitory reduction in rats’ pressure in the first 35 days of treatment and pressure decreased in a dose-dependent manner. In the second part of the study, the beneficial effect of PR antihypertensive peptides may have been masked and reduced by the increase in BP of rats linked to the rise in age of animals. No PR derived peptides were detected in rats’ serum.

Effect of Parmigiano Reggiano Consumption on Blood Pressure of Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats / Basiricò, Loredana; Morera, Patrizia; Evangelista, Chiara; Galaverna, Gianni; Sforza, Stefano; Prandi, Barbara; Bernabucci, Umberto; Nardone, Alessandro. - In: DAIRY. - ISSN 2624-862X. - 3:2(2022), pp. 364-376. [10.3390/dairy3020028]

Effect of Parmigiano Reggiano Consumption on Blood Pressure of Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats

Galaverna, Gianni;Sforza, Stefano;Prandi, Barbara;
2022-01-01

Abstract

In recent years, due to the significant increase in hypertension, peptides which are able to reduce blood pressure have gained special interest by scientific research and food industry. Several bioactive peptides with ascertained ACE-inhibitory activity have been found in Parmigiano Reggiano (PR) cheese and/or mixtures deriving from its digestion in vitro, and this may be predictive of its potential antihypertensive effect in vivo. This study investigated the long-term effect of feeding (PR) cheese on blood pressure (BP) of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). A total of 30 male SHRs, 13 weeks old, were subdivided into 6 groups balanced for body weight and BP, to receive daily dietary supplementation with: 0.1–0.2–0.4–0.6 g PR/rat, captopril, and water. Systolic and diastolic BP were recorded every two weeks, for 10 weeks. Blood samples were collected at the end of the trial. Dietary integration with PR led to a transitory reduction in rats’ pressure in the first 35 days of treatment and pressure decreased in a dose-dependent manner. In the second part of the study, the beneficial effect of PR antihypertensive peptides may have been masked and reduced by the increase in BP of rats linked to the rise in age of animals. No PR derived peptides were detected in rats’ serum.
Effect of Parmigiano Reggiano Consumption on Blood Pressure of Spontaneous Hypertensive Rats / Basiricò, Loredana; Morera, Patrizia; Evangelista, Chiara; Galaverna, Gianni; Sforza, Stefano; Prandi, Barbara; Bernabucci, Umberto; Nardone, Alessandro. - In: DAIRY. - ISSN 2624-862X. - 3:2(2022), pp. 364-376. [10.3390/dairy3020028]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2924992
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