Not all the coffee produced goes to the roasting stage, because non-compliant green coffee beans are usually discarded by roasters and the silverskin of the coffee is usually removed and discarded. In the present work, non-compliant green coffee beans and coffee silverskins were fully characterized from a chemical point of view. In addition, enzyme-assisted extraction was applied to recover a fraction rich in proteins and polyphenols, tested for antimicrobial, antityrosinase, and antioxidant activities. Non-compliant green coffee beans showed higher amounts of polyphenols, flavanols, flavonoids, and caffeine than coffee silverskins (which were richer in tannins). The enzy-matic extraction of non-compliant coffee green beans produced extracts with a good protein content and with a consistent quantity of polyphenols. The extract showed antioxidant, antityrosinase, and antimicrobial activity, thus representing a promising strategy to recover defective green coffee beans. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of coffee silver skins is lower than that of non-compliant coffee green beans extracts, while the antityrosinase activity is comparable.

Extraction and chemical characterization of functional phenols and proteins from coffee (Coffea arabica) by-products / Prandi, B.; Ferri, M.; Monari, S.; Zurlini, C.; Cigognini, I.; Verstringe, S.; Schaller, D.; Walter, M.; Navarini, L.; Tassoni, A.; Sforza, S.; Tedeschi, T.. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 11:11(2021), p. 1571.1571. [10.3390/biom11111571]

Extraction and chemical characterization of functional phenols and proteins from coffee (Coffea arabica) by-products

Prandi B.;Sforza S.;Tedeschi T.
2021

Abstract

Not all the coffee produced goes to the roasting stage, because non-compliant green coffee beans are usually discarded by roasters and the silverskin of the coffee is usually removed and discarded. In the present work, non-compliant green coffee beans and coffee silverskins were fully characterized from a chemical point of view. In addition, enzyme-assisted extraction was applied to recover a fraction rich in proteins and polyphenols, tested for antimicrobial, antityrosinase, and antioxidant activities. Non-compliant green coffee beans showed higher amounts of polyphenols, flavanols, flavonoids, and caffeine than coffee silverskins (which were richer in tannins). The enzy-matic extraction of non-compliant coffee green beans produced extracts with a good protein content and with a consistent quantity of polyphenols. The extract showed antioxidant, antityrosinase, and antimicrobial activity, thus representing a promising strategy to recover defective green coffee beans. The antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of coffee silver skins is lower than that of non-compliant coffee green beans extracts, while the antityrosinase activity is comparable.
Extraction and chemical characterization of functional phenols and proteins from coffee (Coffea arabica) by-products / Prandi, B.; Ferri, M.; Monari, S.; Zurlini, C.; Cigognini, I.; Verstringe, S.; Schaller, D.; Walter, M.; Navarini, L.; Tassoni, A.; Sforza, S.; Tedeschi, T.. - In: BIOMOLECULES. - ISSN 2218-273X. - 11:11(2021), p. 1571.1571. [10.3390/biom11111571]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2903404
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