Background: Hop cultivation requires an abundant quantity of nutrients to reach higher cone yield and quality. The aim of this work was the evaluation of different fertilization plans to obtain an improvement in product quality. Methods: Foliar analysis, anatomical analysis through the use of light microscope and SEM; physiological measurements through atLEAF, Handy PEA and spectrophotometry, were carried out to determine chlorophyll content, carotenoids and photosynthetic efficiency in two periods (t1, t2) for four experimental treatments and a Control (Treat 1, Treat 2, Treat 3, Treat 4, Untreat). Leaf texture (texture analyzer), color (colorimeter), DPPH activity (spectrophotometer), bitter acid content (HPLC-UV) and essential oil yields (steam distillation) and cone yields were measured. Results: Treat 2 showed the best performance: (i) in leaves, in terms of texture, chlorophyll content and color; (ii) in cones, with 6.98% of alpha acids, 1.78% of oil yield and 3.55 kg of fresh cones per plants. Conclusion: The fertilization plans caused alteration in micro and macro elements content in hop leaves and in the composition of hop cones. In our conditions, the best fertilization plan, in terms of cone productivity and quality, was Treat 2, highlighting the value of a customized organic foliar fertilization plan for hop cultivation.

The Effect of Different Organic Foliar Fertilization on Physiological and Chemical Characters in Hop (Humulus lupulus L., cv Cascade) Leaves and Cones / Rodolfi, Margherita; Barbanti, Lorenzo; Giordano, Cristiana; Rinaldi, Massimiliano; Fabbri, Andrea; Pretti, Luca; Casolari, Riccardo; Beghé, Deborah; Petruccelli, Raffaella; Ganino, Tommaso. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:15(2021), p. 6778. [10.3390/app11156778]

The Effect of Different Organic Foliar Fertilization on Physiological and Chemical Characters in Hop (Humulus lupulus L., cv Cascade) Leaves and Cones

Rodolfi, Margherita
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
;
Rinaldi, Massimiliano
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Fabbri, Andrea
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Beghé, Deborah
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Ganino, Tommaso
Project Administration
2021

Abstract

Background: Hop cultivation requires an abundant quantity of nutrients to reach higher cone yield and quality. The aim of this work was the evaluation of different fertilization plans to obtain an improvement in product quality. Methods: Foliar analysis, anatomical analysis through the use of light microscope and SEM; physiological measurements through atLEAF, Handy PEA and spectrophotometry, were carried out to determine chlorophyll content, carotenoids and photosynthetic efficiency in two periods (t1, t2) for four experimental treatments and a Control (Treat 1, Treat 2, Treat 3, Treat 4, Untreat). Leaf texture (texture analyzer), color (colorimeter), DPPH activity (spectrophotometer), bitter acid content (HPLC-UV) and essential oil yields (steam distillation) and cone yields were measured. Results: Treat 2 showed the best performance: (i) in leaves, in terms of texture, chlorophyll content and color; (ii) in cones, with 6.98% of alpha acids, 1.78% of oil yield and 3.55 kg of fresh cones per plants. Conclusion: The fertilization plans caused alteration in micro and macro elements content in hop leaves and in the composition of hop cones. In our conditions, the best fertilization plan, in terms of cone productivity and quality, was Treat 2, highlighting the value of a customized organic foliar fertilization plan for hop cultivation.
The Effect of Different Organic Foliar Fertilization on Physiological and Chemical Characters in Hop (Humulus lupulus L., cv Cascade) Leaves and Cones / Rodolfi, Margherita; Barbanti, Lorenzo; Giordano, Cristiana; Rinaldi, Massimiliano; Fabbri, Andrea; Pretti, Luca; Casolari, Riccardo; Beghé, Deborah; Petruccelli, Raffaella; Ganino, Tommaso. - In: APPLIED SCIENCES. - ISSN 2076-3417. - 11:15(2021), p. 6778. [10.3390/app11156778]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2895197
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