In recent years, the consumption of wholemeal rice, and in particular pigmented varieties, has received increased interest because of its content in nutritionally relevant compounds. However, thermal treatment can modify the structure of the matrix, influencing the accessibility and possibly the localization of antioxidants and other compounds. Therefore, in this study the effect of two different cooking methods (i.e. ‘‘risotto’’ and boiling) on the anatomical structure of three differently pigmented wholemeal rice varieties was evaluated. The presence and the localization of tannin inclusions were also analyzed. Cooking caused the formation of voids in the grains and, in particular, black rice presented the highest proportion of voids among the varieties analyzed. After both thermal treatments, a significant increase in the tannin inclusions in endosperm was observed, suggesting a partial resorption of the leached compounds. These observations suggest that an evaluation of the anatomical structure may help to better understand the behavior of cereals during domestic cooking, which in turn, affects their nutritional quality also in terms of compound accessibility.

Anatomical study of the effect of cooking on differently pigmented rice varieties / Zaupa, Maria; Ganino, Tommaso; Dramis, Lucia; Pellegrini, Nicoletta. - In: FOOD STRUCTURE. - ISSN 2213-3291. - 7:(2016), pp. 6-12. [10.1016/j.foostr.2015.12.001]

Anatomical study of the effect of cooking on differently pigmented rice varieties

ZAUPA, Maria;GANINO, Tommaso;DRAMIS, Lucia;PELLEGRINI, Nicoletta
2016-01-01

Abstract

In recent years, the consumption of wholemeal rice, and in particular pigmented varieties, has received increased interest because of its content in nutritionally relevant compounds. However, thermal treatment can modify the structure of the matrix, influencing the accessibility and possibly the localization of antioxidants and other compounds. Therefore, in this study the effect of two different cooking methods (i.e. ‘‘risotto’’ and boiling) on the anatomical structure of three differently pigmented wholemeal rice varieties was evaluated. The presence and the localization of tannin inclusions were also analyzed. Cooking caused the formation of voids in the grains and, in particular, black rice presented the highest proportion of voids among the varieties analyzed. After both thermal treatments, a significant increase in the tannin inclusions in endosperm was observed, suggesting a partial resorption of the leached compounds. These observations suggest that an evaluation of the anatomical structure may help to better understand the behavior of cereals during domestic cooking, which in turn, affects their nutritional quality also in terms of compound accessibility.
Anatomical study of the effect of cooking on differently pigmented rice varieties / Zaupa, Maria; Ganino, Tommaso; Dramis, Lucia; Pellegrini, Nicoletta. - In: FOOD STRUCTURE. - ISSN 2213-3291. - 7:(2016), pp. 6-12. [10.1016/j.foostr.2015.12.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2800756
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