A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible relationship between chronotype, sleeping, and eating patterns in 74 Italian adults (71.6% women). Based on Morningness-Eveningness Questionnare (MEQ) score, participants were classified as morning (n = 24), intermediate (n = 25), and evening (n = 25) chronotypes. From analysis, no significant differences among chronotypes emerged for sleep habits. As to eating behaviours, the evening subjects showed a significant (p < 0.05) shift towards later hours of the day in the consumption of all meals, except dinner. In addition, the evening subjects had a later midpoint of energy intake (EI) of about 35 min and 1 h (p < 0.001), respectively, than the intermediate and morning subjects. Analysing the diet quality, morning subjects reported significantly (p = 0.030) lower consumption of sweets and sweeteners, and significantly (p = 0.035) lower intake of ultra-processed fats and seasonings. Evening subjects showed a significant delay in EI during the day, while morning subjects reported a better-quality diet.

Association between chronotype, sleep pattern, and eating behaviours in a group of Italian adults / Rosi, A.; Lotti, S.; Vitale, M.; Pagliai, G.; Madarena, M. P.; Bonaccio, M.; Esposito, S.; Ferraris, C.; Guglielmetti, M.; Angelino, D.; Martini, D.; Dinu, M.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0963-7486. - 73:7(2022), pp. 981-988. [10.1080/09637486.2022.2105826]

Association between chronotype, sleep pattern, and eating behaviours in a group of Italian adults

Rosi A.;Vitale M.;Bonaccio M.;Ferraris C.;Guglielmetti M.;Angelino D.;Martini D.;
2022-01-01

Abstract

A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the possible relationship between chronotype, sleeping, and eating patterns in 74 Italian adults (71.6% women). Based on Morningness-Eveningness Questionnare (MEQ) score, participants were classified as morning (n = 24), intermediate (n = 25), and evening (n = 25) chronotypes. From analysis, no significant differences among chronotypes emerged for sleep habits. As to eating behaviours, the evening subjects showed a significant (p < 0.05) shift towards later hours of the day in the consumption of all meals, except dinner. In addition, the evening subjects had a later midpoint of energy intake (EI) of about 35 min and 1 h (p < 0.001), respectively, than the intermediate and morning subjects. Analysing the diet quality, morning subjects reported significantly (p = 0.030) lower consumption of sweets and sweeteners, and significantly (p = 0.035) lower intake of ultra-processed fats and seasonings. Evening subjects showed a significant delay in EI during the day, while morning subjects reported a better-quality diet.
Association between chronotype, sleep pattern, and eating behaviours in a group of Italian adults / Rosi, A.; Lotti, S.; Vitale, M.; Pagliai, G.; Madarena, M. P.; Bonaccio, M.; Esposito, S.; Ferraris, C.; Guglielmetti, M.; Angelino, D.; Martini, D.; Dinu, M.. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FOOD SCIENCES AND NUTRITION. - ISSN 0963-7486. - 73:7(2022), pp. 981-988. [10.1080/09637486.2022.2105826]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933963
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