The open-circuit voltage decay (OCVD) method is a well-known technique for conducting electrical measurements of carrier lifetime: the main advantages lie in the simple setup and the possibility of carrying out measurements in commercial devices without the need of removing the package, as for optical methods. Despite several researchers having reported carrier lifetimes measured by the OCVD method in different devices, there has been little discussion about the potential effect of the experimental setup on the obtained results. By comparing the outputs of the experimental measurements with those of numerical simulations, this study investigates the overlooked effect of the OCVD measurement setup on the former. Due to the growing importance of SiC-based devices, the analysis is applied to a 4H-SiC p-i-n diode. Two main points are addressed: 1) the effect of circuit setup on the ambipolar lifetime is discussed and a method, originally developed for improving the estimate of low-level carrier lifetime in OCVD measurements, is used to correct the measured lifetime for this influence; 2) the origin of the local minimum eventually appearing in the lifetime versus time curves is also investigated. It is found that the minimum can also be related to the time constant of the experimental setup, giving rise to doubts about the usual interpretation of this minimum as the minority carrier lifetime. A method is thus proposed to help discriminate between the two interpretations.

OCVD Measurement of Ambipolar and Minority Carrier Lifetime in 4H-SiC Devices: Relevance of the Measurement Setup / Sozzi, G.; Sapienza, S.; Nipoti, R.; Chiorboli, G.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES. - ISSN 0018-9383. - 68:7(2021), pp. 9447195.3254-9447195.3260. [10.1109/TED.2021.3083211]

OCVD Measurement of Ambipolar and Minority Carrier Lifetime in 4H-SiC Devices: Relevance of the Measurement Setup

Sozzi G.;Sapienza S.;Chiorboli G.
2021

Abstract

The open-circuit voltage decay (OCVD) method is a well-known technique for conducting electrical measurements of carrier lifetime: the main advantages lie in the simple setup and the possibility of carrying out measurements in commercial devices without the need of removing the package, as for optical methods. Despite several researchers having reported carrier lifetimes measured by the OCVD method in different devices, there has been little discussion about the potential effect of the experimental setup on the obtained results. By comparing the outputs of the experimental measurements with those of numerical simulations, this study investigates the overlooked effect of the OCVD measurement setup on the former. Due to the growing importance of SiC-based devices, the analysis is applied to a 4H-SiC p-i-n diode. Two main points are addressed: 1) the effect of circuit setup on the ambipolar lifetime is discussed and a method, originally developed for improving the estimate of low-level carrier lifetime in OCVD measurements, is used to correct the measured lifetime for this influence; 2) the origin of the local minimum eventually appearing in the lifetime versus time curves is also investigated. It is found that the minimum can also be related to the time constant of the experimental setup, giving rise to doubts about the usual interpretation of this minimum as the minority carrier lifetime. A method is thus proposed to help discriminate between the two interpretations.
OCVD Measurement of Ambipolar and Minority Carrier Lifetime in 4H-SiC Devices: Relevance of the Measurement Setup / Sozzi, G.; Sapienza, S.; Nipoti, R.; Chiorboli, G.. - In: IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ELECTRON DEVICES. - ISSN 0018-9383. - 68:7(2021), pp. 9447195.3254-9447195.3260. [10.1109/TED.2021.3083211]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2899289
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