As bread is the most relevant source of available carbohydrates in the diet and as lowering dietary glycemic index (GI) is considered favourable to health, many studies have been carried out in order to decrease the GI of bread. The most relevant strategy that has been applied so far is the addition of fibre-rich flours or pure dietary fibre. However, the effectiveness of dietary fibre in bread in reducing the GI is controversial. The purpose of this review was to discuss critically the effects obtained by adding different kinds of fibre to bread in order to modulate its glycaemic response. The studies were selected because they analysed in vivo whether or not dietary fibre, naturally present or added during bread making, could improve the glucose response. The reviewed literature suggests that the presence of intact structures not accessible to human amylases, as well as a reduced pH that may delay gastric emptying or create a barrier to starch digestion, seem to be more effective than dietary fibre per se in improving glucose metabolism, irrespective of the type of cereal. Moreover, the incorporation of technologically extracted cereal fibre fractions, the addition of fractions from legumes or of specifically developed viscous or non viscous fibres also constitute effective strategies. However, when fibres or wholemeal are included in bread making to affect the glycaemic response, the manufacturing protocol needs to reconsider several technological parameters in order to obtain high-quality and consumer-acceptable breads.

The effect of dietary fibre on reducing the glycaemic index of bread / Scazzina, Francesca; S., Siebenhandl Ehn; Pellegrini, Nicoletta. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. - ISSN 1475-2662. - STAMPA. - 109:(2013), pp. 1163-1174. [10.1017/S0007114513000032]

The effect of dietary fibre on reducing the glycaemic index of bread

SCAZZINA, Francesca;PELLEGRINI, Nicoletta
2013-01-01

Abstract

As bread is the most relevant source of available carbohydrates in the diet and as lowering dietary glycemic index (GI) is considered favourable to health, many studies have been carried out in order to decrease the GI of bread. The most relevant strategy that has been applied so far is the addition of fibre-rich flours or pure dietary fibre. However, the effectiveness of dietary fibre in bread in reducing the GI is controversial. The purpose of this review was to discuss critically the effects obtained by adding different kinds of fibre to bread in order to modulate its glycaemic response. The studies were selected because they analysed in vivo whether or not dietary fibre, naturally present or added during bread making, could improve the glucose response. The reviewed literature suggests that the presence of intact structures not accessible to human amylases, as well as a reduced pH that may delay gastric emptying or create a barrier to starch digestion, seem to be more effective than dietary fibre per se in improving glucose metabolism, irrespective of the type of cereal. Moreover, the incorporation of technologically extracted cereal fibre fractions, the addition of fractions from legumes or of specifically developed viscous or non viscous fibres also constitute effective strategies. However, when fibres or wholemeal are included in bread making to affect the glycaemic response, the manufacturing protocol needs to reconsider several technological parameters in order to obtain high-quality and consumer-acceptable breads.
2013
The effect of dietary fibre on reducing the glycaemic index of bread / Scazzina, Francesca; S., Siebenhandl Ehn; Pellegrini, Nicoletta. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF NUTRITION. - ISSN 1475-2662. - STAMPA. - 109:(2013), pp. 1163-1174. [10.1017/S0007114513000032]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2549445
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