Sustainable agriculture aims at achieving a healthy food production while reducing the use of fertilizers and greenhouse gas emissions using biostimulants and soil amendments. Untargeted metabolomics by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography−ion mobility−high-resolution mass spectrometry, operating in a high-definition MSE mode, was applied to investigate the metabolome of durum wheat in response to sustainable treatments, i.e., the addition of biochar, commercial plant growth promoting microbes, and their combination. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis provided a good discrimination among treatments with sensitivity, specificity, and a non-error rate close to 1. A total of 88 and 45 discriminant compounds having biological, nutritional, and technological implications were tentatively identified in samples grown in 2020 and 2021. The addition of biochar-biostimulants produced the highest up-regulation of lipids and flavonoids, with the glycolipid desaturation being the most impacted pathway, whereas carbohydrates were mostly down-regulated. The findings achieved suggest the safe use of the combined biochar-biostimulant treatment for sustainable wheat cultivation.

Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-ion mobility-high-resolution mass spectrometry to evaluate the metabolomic response of durum wheat to sustainable treatments / Riboni, Nicolo; Bianchi, Federica; Mattarozzi, Monica; Caldara, Marina; Gullì, Mariolina; Graziano, Sara; Maestri, Elena; Marmiroli, Nelson; Careri, Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 71:(2023), pp. 15407-15416. [10.1021/acs.jafc.3c04532]

Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-ion mobility-high-resolution mass spectrometry to evaluate the metabolomic response of durum wheat to sustainable treatments

Nicolo Riboni
;
Federica Bianchi
;
Monica Mattarozzi;Marina Caldara;Mariolina Gullì;Sara Graziano;Elena Maestri;Nelson Marmiroli;Maria Careri
2023-01-01

Abstract

Sustainable agriculture aims at achieving a healthy food production while reducing the use of fertilizers and greenhouse gas emissions using biostimulants and soil amendments. Untargeted metabolomics by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography−ion mobility−high-resolution mass spectrometry, operating in a high-definition MSE mode, was applied to investigate the metabolome of durum wheat in response to sustainable treatments, i.e., the addition of biochar, commercial plant growth promoting microbes, and their combination. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis provided a good discrimination among treatments with sensitivity, specificity, and a non-error rate close to 1. A total of 88 and 45 discriminant compounds having biological, nutritional, and technological implications were tentatively identified in samples grown in 2020 and 2021. The addition of biochar-biostimulants produced the highest up-regulation of lipids and flavonoids, with the glycolipid desaturation being the most impacted pathway, whereas carbohydrates were mostly down-regulated. The findings achieved suggest the safe use of the combined biochar-biostimulant treatment for sustainable wheat cultivation.
2023
Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-ion mobility-high-resolution mass spectrometry to evaluate the metabolomic response of durum wheat to sustainable treatments / Riboni, Nicolo; Bianchi, Federica; Mattarozzi, Monica; Caldara, Marina; Gullì, Mariolina; Graziano, Sara; Maestri, Elena; Marmiroli, Nelson; Careri, Maria. - In: JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0021-8561. - 71:(2023), pp. 15407-15416. [10.1021/acs.jafc.3c04532]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2960672
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