With Newsvendor Problem (NvP) we refer to a specific class of inventory management problems, valid for a single item with stochastic demand over a single period. In the standard version, the newsvendor is allowed to issue a single order, before he or she can observe the actual demand. Since the newsvendor can face both overage and underage costs, due to lost sales or residual stock, the objective is to define the optimal order size that maximizes the expected profit. In this paper, we consider a specific version of the NvP, in which the buyer has the opportunity to make a last and single order for opportunistic reasons. Specifically, we consider discontinued, collectible items, for which demand will not vanish and whose value might appreciate. Hence, the objective is to define the optimal quantity that should be purchased, just before the item is retired from the market or sold-out, and that should be sold as soon as the price rises over a predefined target level. An optimal solution, maximizing the expected profit, is obtained both in case of negligible and non-negligible stockholding costs. In the latter case, to obtain the optimal solution in implicit form, some simplifying assumptions are needed. Hence, a thorough numerical analysis is finally performed, as a way to empirically demonstrate both the robustness and the accuracy of the model, in several scenarios differentiated in terms of costs and customers’ demand.

The opportunistic newsvendor problem: Defining the optimal purchase quantity of resalable items, whose value may appreciate / Zammori, F.; Romagnoli, G.; Filippelli, S.. - In: DECISION SCIENCE LETTERS. - ISSN 1929-5804. - 12:1(2023), pp. 13-28. [10.5267/j.dsl.2022.11.001]

The opportunistic newsvendor problem: Defining the optimal purchase quantity of resalable items, whose value may appreciate

Zammori F.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Romagnoli G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
Filippelli S.
Membro del Collaboration Group
2023-01-01

Abstract

With Newsvendor Problem (NvP) we refer to a specific class of inventory management problems, valid for a single item with stochastic demand over a single period. In the standard version, the newsvendor is allowed to issue a single order, before he or she can observe the actual demand. Since the newsvendor can face both overage and underage costs, due to lost sales or residual stock, the objective is to define the optimal order size that maximizes the expected profit. In this paper, we consider a specific version of the NvP, in which the buyer has the opportunity to make a last and single order for opportunistic reasons. Specifically, we consider discontinued, collectible items, for which demand will not vanish and whose value might appreciate. Hence, the objective is to define the optimal quantity that should be purchased, just before the item is retired from the market or sold-out, and that should be sold as soon as the price rises over a predefined target level. An optimal solution, maximizing the expected profit, is obtained both in case of negligible and non-negligible stockholding costs. In the latter case, to obtain the optimal solution in implicit form, some simplifying assumptions are needed. Hence, a thorough numerical analysis is finally performed, as a way to empirically demonstrate both the robustness and the accuracy of the model, in several scenarios differentiated in terms of costs and customers’ demand.
The opportunistic newsvendor problem: Defining the optimal purchase quantity of resalable items, whose value may appreciate / Zammori, F.; Romagnoli, G.; Filippelli, S.. - In: DECISION SCIENCE LETTERS. - ISSN 1929-5804. - 12:1(2023), pp. 13-28. [10.5267/j.dsl.2022.11.001]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2936711
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