Bifidobacterium asteroides is considered the ancestor of the genus Bifidobacterium, which has evolved in close touch with the hindgut of social insects. However, recent studies revealed high intraspecies biodiversity within this taxon, uncovering the putative existence of multiple bifidobacterial species, thus, suggesting its reclassification. Here, a genomic investigation of 98 B. asteroides-related genomes retrieved from public repositories and reconstructed from metagenomes of the hindgut of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana was performed to shed light on the genetic variability of this taxon. Phylogenetic and genomic analyses revealed the existence of eight clusters, of which five have been recently characterized with a representative type strain of the genus and three were represented by putative novel bifidobacterial species inhabiting the honeybee gut. Then, the dissection of 366 shotgun metagenomes of honeybee guts revealed a pattern of seven B. asteroides-related taxa within A. mellifera that co-exist with the host, while A. cerana microbiome was characterized by the predominance of one of the novel species erroneously classified as B. asteroides. A further glycobiome analysis unveiled a conserved repertoire of glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) reflecting degradative abilities towards a broad range of simple carbohydrates together with genes encoding specific GHs of each B. asteroides-related taxa.

Exploring the biodiversity of Bifidobacterium asteroides among honey bee microbiomes / Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Fontana, Federico; Tarracchini, Chiara; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Milani, Christian; Turroni, Francesca; Ventura, Marco. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-2912. - (2022). [10.1111/1462-2920.16223]

Exploring the biodiversity of Bifidobacterium asteroides among honey bee microbiomes

Lugli, Gabriele Andrea;Fontana, Federico;Tarracchini, Chiara;Mancabelli, Leonardo;Milani, Christian;Turroni, Francesca;Ventura, Marco
2022-01-01

Abstract

Bifidobacterium asteroides is considered the ancestor of the genus Bifidobacterium, which has evolved in close touch with the hindgut of social insects. However, recent studies revealed high intraspecies biodiversity within this taxon, uncovering the putative existence of multiple bifidobacterial species, thus, suggesting its reclassification. Here, a genomic investigation of 98 B. asteroides-related genomes retrieved from public repositories and reconstructed from metagenomes of the hindgut of Apis mellifera and Apis cerana was performed to shed light on the genetic variability of this taxon. Phylogenetic and genomic analyses revealed the existence of eight clusters, of which five have been recently characterized with a representative type strain of the genus and three were represented by putative novel bifidobacterial species inhabiting the honeybee gut. Then, the dissection of 366 shotgun metagenomes of honeybee guts revealed a pattern of seven B. asteroides-related taxa within A. mellifera that co-exist with the host, while A. cerana microbiome was characterized by the predominance of one of the novel species erroneously classified as B. asteroides. A further glycobiome analysis unveiled a conserved repertoire of glycosyl hydrolases (GHs) reflecting degradative abilities towards a broad range of simple carbohydrates together with genes encoding specific GHs of each B. asteroides-related taxa.
Exploring the biodiversity of Bifidobacterium asteroides among honey bee microbiomes / Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Fontana, Federico; Tarracchini, Chiara; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Milani, Christian; Turroni, Francesca; Ventura, Marco. - In: ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 1462-2912. - (2022). [10.1111/1462-2920.16223]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2933111
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