Inhibition of monoglyceride lipase (MGL), also known as monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), has emerged as a promising approach for treating neurological diseases. To gain useful insights in the design of agents with balanced potency and reactivity, we investigated the mechanism of MGL carbamoylation by the reference triazole urea SAR629 (IC50 = 0.2 nM) and two recently described inhibitors featuring a pyrazole (IC50 = 1800 nM) or a 4-cyanopyrazole (IC50 = 8 nM) leaving group (LG), using a hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) approach. Opposite to what was found for substrate 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol (2-AG), covalent modification of MGL by azole ureas is controlled by LG expulsion. Simulations indicated that changes in the electronic structure of the LG greatly affect reaction energetics with triazole and 4-cyanopyrazole inhibitors following a more accessible carbamoylation path compared to the unsubstituted pyrazole derivative. The computational protocol provided reaction barriers able to discriminate between MGL inhibitors with different potencies. These results highlight how QM/MM simulations can contribute to elucidating structure-activity relationships and provide insights for the design of covalent inhibitors.

Mechanistic Modeling of Monoglyceride Lipase Covalent Modification Elucidates the Role of Leaving Group Expulsion and Discriminates Inhibitors with High and Low Potency / Galvani, F.; Scalvini, L.; Rivara, S.; Lodola, A.; Mor, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING. - ISSN 1549-960X. - 62:11(2022), pp. 2771-2787. [10.1021/acs.jcim.2c00140]

Mechanistic Modeling of Monoglyceride Lipase Covalent Modification Elucidates the Role of Leaving Group Expulsion and Discriminates Inhibitors with High and Low Potency

Galvani F.;Scalvini L.;Rivara S.;Lodola A.
;
Mor M.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Inhibition of monoglyceride lipase (MGL), also known as monoacylglycerol lipase (MAGL), has emerged as a promising approach for treating neurological diseases. To gain useful insights in the design of agents with balanced potency and reactivity, we investigated the mechanism of MGL carbamoylation by the reference triazole urea SAR629 (IC50 = 0.2 nM) and two recently described inhibitors featuring a pyrazole (IC50 = 1800 nM) or a 4-cyanopyrazole (IC50 = 8 nM) leaving group (LG), using a hybrid quantum mechanics/molecular mechanics (QM/MM) approach. Opposite to what was found for substrate 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol (2-AG), covalent modification of MGL by azole ureas is controlled by LG expulsion. Simulations indicated that changes in the electronic structure of the LG greatly affect reaction energetics with triazole and 4-cyanopyrazole inhibitors following a more accessible carbamoylation path compared to the unsubstituted pyrazole derivative. The computational protocol provided reaction barriers able to discriminate between MGL inhibitors with different potencies. These results highlight how QM/MM simulations can contribute to elucidating structure-activity relationships and provide insights for the design of covalent inhibitors.
Mechanistic Modeling of Monoglyceride Lipase Covalent Modification Elucidates the Role of Leaving Group Expulsion and Discriminates Inhibitors with High and Low Potency / Galvani, F.; Scalvini, L.; Rivara, S.; Lodola, A.; Mor, M.. - In: JOURNAL OF CHEMICAL INFORMATION AND MODELING. - ISSN 1549-960X. - 62:11(2022), pp. 2771-2787. [10.1021/acs.jcim.2c00140]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2932175
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