Emerging evidence has shown an association between the composition of intestinal microbial communities and host physical activity, suggesting that modifications of the gut microbiota composition may support training, performance, and post-exercise recovery of the host. Nevertheless, investigation of differences in the gut microbiota between athletes and individuals with reduced physical activity is still lacking. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of 207 publicly available shotgun metagenomics sequencing data of fecal samples from athletes and healthy non-athletes. Accordingly, analysis of species-level fecal microbial profiles revealed three recurring compositional patterns, named HPC1 to 3, that characterize the host based on their commitment to physical activity. Interestingly, the gut microbiome of athletes showed a higher abundance of anti-inflammatory, health-promoting bacteria than that of non-athletic individuals. Moreover, the bacterial species profiled in the gut of professional athletes are short-fatty acid producers, which potentially improve energy production, and therefore sports performances. Intriguingly, microbial interaction network analyses suggested that exercise-induced microbiota adaptation involves the whole microbial community structure, resulting in a complex microbe-microbe interplay driven by positive relationships among the predicted butyrate-producing community members.IMPORTANCE Through metagenomic analyses, this work revealed that athletes have a gut-associated microbial community enriched in butyrate-producing species compared with non-athletes. This evidence can support the existence of a two-way association between the host's lifestyle and the gut microbiota composition, with potential intriguing athletic performance outcomes.

Investigation of the Ecological Link between Recurrent Microbial Human Gut Communities and Physical Activity / Tarracchini, Chiara; Fontana, Federico; Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Alessandri, Giulia; Turroni, Francesca; Ventura, Marco; Milani, Christian. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:2(2022), p. e0042022. [10.1128/spectrum.00420-22]

Investigation of the Ecological Link between Recurrent Microbial Human Gut Communities and Physical Activity

Tarracchini, Chiara;Fontana, Federico;Lugli, Gabriele Andrea;Mancabelli, Leonardo;Alessandri, Giulia;Turroni, Francesca;Ventura, Marco;Milani, Christian
2022

Abstract

Emerging evidence has shown an association between the composition of intestinal microbial communities and host physical activity, suggesting that modifications of the gut microbiota composition may support training, performance, and post-exercise recovery of the host. Nevertheless, investigation of differences in the gut microbiota between athletes and individuals with reduced physical activity is still lacking. In this study, we performed a meta-analysis of 207 publicly available shotgun metagenomics sequencing data of fecal samples from athletes and healthy non-athletes. Accordingly, analysis of species-level fecal microbial profiles revealed three recurring compositional patterns, named HPC1 to 3, that characterize the host based on their commitment to physical activity. Interestingly, the gut microbiome of athletes showed a higher abundance of anti-inflammatory, health-promoting bacteria than that of non-athletic individuals. Moreover, the bacterial species profiled in the gut of professional athletes are short-fatty acid producers, which potentially improve energy production, and therefore sports performances. Intriguingly, microbial interaction network analyses suggested that exercise-induced microbiota adaptation involves the whole microbial community structure, resulting in a complex microbe-microbe interplay driven by positive relationships among the predicted butyrate-producing community members.IMPORTANCE Through metagenomic analyses, this work revealed that athletes have a gut-associated microbial community enriched in butyrate-producing species compared with non-athletes. This evidence can support the existence of a two-way association between the host's lifestyle and the gut microbiota composition, with potential intriguing athletic performance outcomes.
Investigation of the Ecological Link between Recurrent Microbial Human Gut Communities and Physical Activity / Tarracchini, Chiara; Fontana, Federico; Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Alessandri, Giulia; Turroni, Francesca; Ventura, Marco; Milani, Christian. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:2(2022), p. e0042022. [10.1128/spectrum.00420-22]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2929772
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