It has been widely reported that members of the genus Lactobacillus dominate the vaginal microbiota, which is represented by the most prevalent species Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus jensenii, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus iners. L. crispatus is furthermore considered an important microbial biomarker due to its professed beneficial implications on vaginal health. In order to identify molecular mechanisms responsible for health-promoting activities that are believed to be elicited by L. crispatus, we performed in silico investigations of the intraspecies biodiversity of vaginal microbiomes followed by in vitro experiments involving various L. crispatus strains along with other vaginal Lactobacillus species mentioned above. Specifically, we assessed their antibacterial activities against a variety of pathogenic microorganisms that are associated with vaginal infections. Moreover, coculture experiments of L. crispatus strains showing the most antibacterial activity against different pathogens revealed distinct ecological fitness and competitive properties with regard to other microbial colonizers. Interestingly, we observed that even phylogenetically closely related L. crispatus strains possess unique features in terms of their antimicrobial activities and associated competitive abilities, which suggests that they exert marked competition and evolutionary pressure within their specific environmental niche.

Evaluation of Modulatory Activities of Lactobacillus crispatus Strains in the Context of the Vaginal Microbiota / Argentini, C.; Fontana, F.; Alessandri, G.; Lugli, G. A.; Mancabelli, L.; Ossiprandi, M. C.; van Sinderen, D.; Ventura, M.; Milani, C.; Turroni, F.. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:2(2022), p. e0273321. [10.1128/spectrum.02733-21]

Evaluation of Modulatory Activities of Lactobacillus crispatus Strains in the Context of the Vaginal Microbiota

Argentini C.;Fontana F.;Alessandri G.;Lugli G. A.;Mancabelli L.;Ossiprandi M. C.;van Sinderen D.;Ventura M.;Milani C.;Turroni F.
2022

Abstract

It has been widely reported that members of the genus Lactobacillus dominate the vaginal microbiota, which is represented by the most prevalent species Lactobacillus crispatus, Lactobacillus jensenii, Lactobacillus gasseri, and Lactobacillus iners. L. crispatus is furthermore considered an important microbial biomarker due to its professed beneficial implications on vaginal health. In order to identify molecular mechanisms responsible for health-promoting activities that are believed to be elicited by L. crispatus, we performed in silico investigations of the intraspecies biodiversity of vaginal microbiomes followed by in vitro experiments involving various L. crispatus strains along with other vaginal Lactobacillus species mentioned above. Specifically, we assessed their antibacterial activities against a variety of pathogenic microorganisms that are associated with vaginal infections. Moreover, coculture experiments of L. crispatus strains showing the most antibacterial activity against different pathogens revealed distinct ecological fitness and competitive properties with regard to other microbial colonizers. Interestingly, we observed that even phylogenetically closely related L. crispatus strains possess unique features in terms of their antimicrobial activities and associated competitive abilities, which suggests that they exert marked competition and evolutionary pressure within their specific environmental niche.
Evaluation of Modulatory Activities of Lactobacillus crispatus Strains in the Context of the Vaginal Microbiota / Argentini, C.; Fontana, F.; Alessandri, G.; Lugli, G. A.; Mancabelli, L.; Ossiprandi, M. C.; van Sinderen, D.; Ventura, M.; Milani, C.; Turroni, F.. - In: MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM. - ISSN 2165-0497. - 10:2(2022), p. e0273321. [10.1128/spectrum.02733-21]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2923610
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