Lasers for modern industrial and research applications are required to provide a high average beam power and at the same time be reliable, efficient, and compact. Rare-earth doped single-mode fiber lasers are the most promising solution. Large mode area fibers are effectively used to reduce nonlinear effects and scaling up the beam power which is now bounded by thermal effects. A new cutting-edge approach to the issue involves the use of Multi-Core Fibers (MCFs), coherently combining several lower power beams into a higher power one, and thus pushing the threshold of nonlinearities and transverse mode instabilities to higher power. The amplification process involves heat generation in the doped cores due to quantum defect, which propagates radially and creates a temperature gradient across the fiber cross-section. Even though the cores are optically uncoupled, the refractive index gradient due to thermo-optical effects could cause cross-talk and core mode coupling. In this work, we numerically analyze the performances of 9-core MCFs for high power fiber lasers by taking into account the coupling and bending effects due to the heat load generated by the quantum defect between pump and laser radiation. MCFs show very low sensitivity to heat load and bending, with effectively single-mode behaviour up to 15 μm core diameter (effective area 181 μm2) and down to 35 μm pitch.

Thermo-optical numerical modal analysis of multicore fibers for high power lasers and amplifiers / Rosa, L.; Mckee, S.; Poli, F.; Cucinotta, A.; Vincetti, L.. - In: OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1068-5200. - 70:(2022), p. 102857.102857. [10.1016/j.yofte.2022.102857]

Thermo-optical numerical modal analysis of multicore fibers for high power lasers and amplifiers

Rosa L.;Mckee S.;Poli F.;Cucinotta A.;Vincetti L.
2022

Abstract

Lasers for modern industrial and research applications are required to provide a high average beam power and at the same time be reliable, efficient, and compact. Rare-earth doped single-mode fiber lasers are the most promising solution. Large mode area fibers are effectively used to reduce nonlinear effects and scaling up the beam power which is now bounded by thermal effects. A new cutting-edge approach to the issue involves the use of Multi-Core Fibers (MCFs), coherently combining several lower power beams into a higher power one, and thus pushing the threshold of nonlinearities and transverse mode instabilities to higher power. The amplification process involves heat generation in the doped cores due to quantum defect, which propagates radially and creates a temperature gradient across the fiber cross-section. Even though the cores are optically uncoupled, the refractive index gradient due to thermo-optical effects could cause cross-talk and core mode coupling. In this work, we numerically analyze the performances of 9-core MCFs for high power fiber lasers by taking into account the coupling and bending effects due to the heat load generated by the quantum defect between pump and laser radiation. MCFs show very low sensitivity to heat load and bending, with effectively single-mode behaviour up to 15 μm core diameter (effective area 181 μm2) and down to 35 μm pitch.
Thermo-optical numerical modal analysis of multicore fibers for high power lasers and amplifiers / Rosa, L.; Mckee, S.; Poli, F.; Cucinotta, A.; Vincetti, L.. - In: OPTICAL FIBER TECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 1068-5200. - 70:(2022), p. 102857.102857. [10.1016/j.yofte.2022.102857]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2920340
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