Let (M, J, g, ω) be a 2n-dimensional almost Hermitian manifold. We extend the definition of the Bott–Chern Laplacian on (M, J, g, ω) , proving that it is still elliptic. On a compact Kähler manifold, the kernels of the Dolbeault Laplacian and of the Bott–Chern Laplacian coincide. We show that such a property does not hold when (M, J, g, ω) is a compact almost Kähler manifold, providing an explicit almost Kähler structure on the Kodaira–Thurston manifold. Furthermore, if (M, J, g, ω) is a connected compact almost Hermitian 4-manifold, denoting by hBC1,1 the dimension of the space of Bott–Chern harmonic (1, 1)-forms, we prove that either hBC1,1=b- or hBC1,1=b-+1. In particular, if g is almost Kähler, then hBC1,1=b-+1, extending the result by Holt and Zhang (Harmonic forms on the Kodaira–Thurston manifold. arXiv:2001.10962, 2020) for the kernel of Dolbeault Laplacian. We also show that the dimensions of the spaces of Bott–Chern and Dolbeault harmonic (1, 1)-forms behave differently on almost complex 4-manifolds endowed with strictly locally conformally almost Kähler metrics. Finally, we relate some spaces of Bott-Chern harmonic forms to the Bott–Chern cohomology groups for almost complex manifolds, recently introduced in Coelho et al. (Maximally non-integrable almost complex structures: an h-principle and cohomological properties, arXiv:2105.12113, 2021).

Bott–Chern Laplacian on almost Hermitian manifolds / Piovani, R.; Tomassini, A.. - In: MATHEMATISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT. - ISSN 0025-5874. - (2022). [10.1007/s00209-022-02975-z]

Bott–Chern Laplacian on almost Hermitian manifolds

Piovani R.
;
Tomassini A.
2022

Abstract

Let (M, J, g, ω) be a 2n-dimensional almost Hermitian manifold. We extend the definition of the Bott–Chern Laplacian on (M, J, g, ω) , proving that it is still elliptic. On a compact Kähler manifold, the kernels of the Dolbeault Laplacian and of the Bott–Chern Laplacian coincide. We show that such a property does not hold when (M, J, g, ω) is a compact almost Kähler manifold, providing an explicit almost Kähler structure on the Kodaira–Thurston manifold. Furthermore, if (M, J, g, ω) is a connected compact almost Hermitian 4-manifold, denoting by hBC1,1 the dimension of the space of Bott–Chern harmonic (1, 1)-forms, we prove that either hBC1,1=b- or hBC1,1=b-+1. In particular, if g is almost Kähler, then hBC1,1=b-+1, extending the result by Holt and Zhang (Harmonic forms on the Kodaira–Thurston manifold. arXiv:2001.10962, 2020) for the kernel of Dolbeault Laplacian. We also show that the dimensions of the spaces of Bott–Chern and Dolbeault harmonic (1, 1)-forms behave differently on almost complex 4-manifolds endowed with strictly locally conformally almost Kähler metrics. Finally, we relate some spaces of Bott-Chern harmonic forms to the Bott–Chern cohomology groups for almost complex manifolds, recently introduced in Coelho et al. (Maximally non-integrable almost complex structures: an h-principle and cohomological properties, arXiv:2105.12113, 2021).
Bott–Chern Laplacian on almost Hermitian manifolds / Piovani, R.; Tomassini, A.. - In: MATHEMATISCHE ZEITSCHRIFT. - ISSN 0025-5874. - (2022). [10.1007/s00209-022-02975-z]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2919349
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