Background: Intensive Care Units are emotionally intense environments where professional autonomy and interprofessional collaboration are essential. Nurses are at high risk of burnout, and the level of compassion satisfaction has a deep impact on the quality of their professional life. Although leadership styles and burnout have been the subject of an extensive body of research, there is an existing gap regarding the relationship between leadership strategies and intensive care nurses' quality of working life and the impact on their compassion satisfaction. Specifically, there is a lack of literature in southern European countries concerning the influence of organizational and cultural contexts. Aim: To evaluate the impact of nurse managers' leadership styles on Intensive Care Unit nurses' job satisfaction and compassion satisfaction. Design: A cross-sectional study. Methods: An online set of validated tests was sent to a non-probabilistic sample of nurses, recruited via the Italian association of intensive care and emergency nursing website. The set of tests consisted of the Empowering Leadership Questionnaire, Compassion Satisfaction Scale, and McCloskey Mueller Satisfaction Scale. Nurses actively working in intensive care and critical care settings were included in this study. ICU managers and leaders were excluded. Results: 308 nurses (response rate 63,2%) compiled the questionnaires,. Statistical analysis showed that the Leadership dimension of “Showing concern towards the team” had a significant effect on Compassion Satisfaction. In addition, this dimension had an effect on nurses' overall job satisfaction on five out of eight subscales. Conclusions: Leaders' authentic listening, communication, and participation capabilities have a positive impact on nurses' job and compassion satisfaction. The interest for team well-being, taking time to discuss team concerns, and working closely with the team affects unpredicted factors like working hours, flexibility in shift scheduling, satisfaction about recognition, and career advancement. Relevance to clinical practice: Results suggest that nurse managers can draw on/adopt leadership strategies oriented to authentic listening and interaction with the team in order to manage organizational issues, increase nurses’ professional quality of life and prevent burnout.
Leadership styles' influence on ICU nurses' quality of professional life: A cross-sectional study / Cosentino, C.; De Luca, E.; Sulla, F.; Uccelli, S.; Sarli, L.; Artioli, G.. - In: NURSING IN CRITICAL CARE. - ISSN 1362-1017. - (2021). [10.1111/nicc.12738]
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