Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are a fibroblast-like cell population with high regenerative potential that can be isolated from many different tissues. Several data suggest MSCs as a therapeutic tool capable of migrating to a site of injury and guide tissue regeneration mainly through their secretome. Pulmonary first-pass effect occurs during intravenous administration of MSCs, where 50 to 80% of the cells tend to localize in the lungs. This phenomenon has been exploited to study MSC potential therapeutic effects in several preclinical models of lung diseases. Data demonstrated that, regardless of the lung disease severity and the delivery route, MSCs were not able to survive longer than 24 h in the respiratory tract but still surprisingly determined a therapeutic effect. In this work, two different mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (mBM-MSC) lines, stably transduced with a third-generation lentiviral vector expressing luciferase and green fluorescent protein reporter genes tracking MSCs in vivo biodistribution and persistency, have been generated. Cells within the engrafted lung were in vivo traced using the high-throughput bioluminescence imaging (BLI) technique, with no invasiveness on animal, minimizing biological variations and costs. In vivo BLI analysis allowed the detection and monitoring of the mBM-MSC clones up to 28 days after implantation independently from the delivery route. This longer persistency than previously observed (24 h) could have a strong impact in terms of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of MSCs as a therapeutic tool.

Persistency of Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells in Lungs / Ferrini, E.; Stellari, F. F.; Franceschi, V.; Macchi, F.; Russo, L.; Murgia, A.; Grisendi, G.; Villetti, G.; Dominici, M.; Donofrio, G.. - In: FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2296-634X. - 9:(2021), pp. 709225.1-709225.9. [10.3389/fcell.2021.709225]

Persistency of Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells in Lungs

Ferrini E.;Franceschi V.;Macchi F.;Russo L.;Donofrio G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) are a fibroblast-like cell population with high regenerative potential that can be isolated from many different tissues. Several data suggest MSCs as a therapeutic tool capable of migrating to a site of injury and guide tissue regeneration mainly through their secretome. Pulmonary first-pass effect occurs during intravenous administration of MSCs, where 50 to 80% of the cells tend to localize in the lungs. This phenomenon has been exploited to study MSC potential therapeutic effects in several preclinical models of lung diseases. Data demonstrated that, regardless of the lung disease severity and the delivery route, MSCs were not able to survive longer than 24 h in the respiratory tract but still surprisingly determined a therapeutic effect. In this work, two different mouse bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stromal/stem cell (mBM-MSC) lines, stably transduced with a third-generation lentiviral vector expressing luciferase and green fluorescent protein reporter genes tracking MSCs in vivo biodistribution and persistency, have been generated. Cells within the engrafted lung were in vivo traced using the high-throughput bioluminescence imaging (BLI) technique, with no invasiveness on animal, minimizing biological variations and costs. In vivo BLI analysis allowed the detection and monitoring of the mBM-MSC clones up to 28 days after implantation independently from the delivery route. This longer persistency than previously observed (24 h) could have a strong impact in terms of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of MSCs as a therapeutic tool.
2021
Persistency of Mesenchymal Stromal/Stem Cells in Lungs / Ferrini, E.; Stellari, F. F.; Franceschi, V.; Macchi, F.; Russo, L.; Murgia, A.; Grisendi, G.; Villetti, G.; Dominici, M.; Donofrio, G.. - In: FRONTIERS IN CELL AND DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY. - ISSN 2296-634X. - 9:(2021), pp. 709225.1-709225.9. [10.3389/fcell.2021.709225]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2908081
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