Objectives: To identify and validate baseline magnetic resonance imaging (b-MRI) radiomic features (RFs) as predictors of disease outcomes in effectively cured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. Materials and methods: Training set (TS) and validation set (VS) were retrieved from preexisting datasets (HETeCo and BD2Decide trials, respectively). Only patients with both pre- and post-contrast enhancement T1 and T2-weighted b-MRI and at least 2 years of follow-up (FUP) were selected. The combination of the best extracted RFs was used to classify low risk (LR) vs. high risk (HR) of disease recurrence. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of the radiomic model were computed on both TS and VS. Overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) Kaplan–Meier (KM) curves were compared for LR vs. HR. The radiomic-based risk class was used in a multivariate Cox model, including well-established clinical prognostic factors (TNM, sub-site, human papillomavirus [HPV]). Results: In total, 57 patients of TS and 137 of VS were included. Three RFs were selected for the signature. Sensitivity of recurrence risk classifier was 0.82 and 0.77, specificity 0.78 and 0.81, AUC 0.83 and 0.78 for TS and VS, respectively. VS KM curves for LR vs. HR groups significantly differed both for 5-year DFS (p<.0001) and OS (p=.0004). A combined model of RFs plus TNM improved prognostic performance as compared to TNM alone, both for VS 5-year DFS (C-index: 0.76 vs. 0.60) and OS (C-index: 0.74 vs. 0.64). Conclusions: Radiomics of b-MRI can help to predict recurrence and survival outcomes in HNSCC.

Prognostic role of pre-treatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic analysis in effectively cured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients / Alfieri, S.; Romano, R.; Bologna, M.; Calareso, G.; Corino, V.; Mirabile, A.; Ferri, A.; Bellanti, L.; Poli, T.; Marcantoni, A.; Grosso, E.; Tarsitano, A.; Battaglia, S.; Blengio, F.; De Martino, I.; Valerini, S.; Vecchio, S.; Richetti, A.; Deantonio, L.; Martucci, F.; Grammatica, A.; Ravanelli, M.; Ibrahim, T.; Caruso, D.; Locati, L. D.; Orlandi, E.; Bossi, P.; Mainardi, L.; Licitra, L. F.. - In: ACTA ONCOLOGICA. - ISSN 0284-186X. - 60:9(2021), pp. 1192-1200. [10.1080/0284186X.2021.1924401]

Prognostic role of pre-treatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic analysis in effectively cured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients

Ferri A.
Investigation
;
Bellanti L.
Investigation
;
Poli T.
Investigation
;
Marcantoni A.;Vecchio S.;
2021

Abstract

Objectives: To identify and validate baseline magnetic resonance imaging (b-MRI) radiomic features (RFs) as predictors of disease outcomes in effectively cured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. Materials and methods: Training set (TS) and validation set (VS) were retrieved from preexisting datasets (HETeCo and BD2Decide trials, respectively). Only patients with both pre- and post-contrast enhancement T1 and T2-weighted b-MRI and at least 2 years of follow-up (FUP) were selected. The combination of the best extracted RFs was used to classify low risk (LR) vs. high risk (HR) of disease recurrence. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the curve (AUC) of the radiomic model were computed on both TS and VS. Overall survival (OS) and 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) Kaplan–Meier (KM) curves were compared for LR vs. HR. The radiomic-based risk class was used in a multivariate Cox model, including well-established clinical prognostic factors (TNM, sub-site, human papillomavirus [HPV]). Results: In total, 57 patients of TS and 137 of VS were included. Three RFs were selected for the signature. Sensitivity of recurrence risk classifier was 0.82 and 0.77, specificity 0.78 and 0.81, AUC 0.83 and 0.78 for TS and VS, respectively. VS KM curves for LR vs. HR groups significantly differed both for 5-year DFS (p<.0001) and OS (p=.0004). A combined model of RFs plus TNM improved prognostic performance as compared to TNM alone, both for VS 5-year DFS (C-index: 0.76 vs. 0.60) and OS (C-index: 0.74 vs. 0.64). Conclusions: Radiomics of b-MRI can help to predict recurrence and survival outcomes in HNSCC.
Prognostic role of pre-treatment magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based radiomic analysis in effectively cured head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients / Alfieri, S.; Romano, R.; Bologna, M.; Calareso, G.; Corino, V.; Mirabile, A.; Ferri, A.; Bellanti, L.; Poli, T.; Marcantoni, A.; Grosso, E.; Tarsitano, A.; Battaglia, S.; Blengio, F.; De Martino, I.; Valerini, S.; Vecchio, S.; Richetti, A.; Deantonio, L.; Martucci, F.; Grammatica, A.; Ravanelli, M.; Ibrahim, T.; Caruso, D.; Locati, L. D.; Orlandi, E.; Bossi, P.; Mainardi, L.; Licitra, L. F.. - In: ACTA ONCOLOGICA. - ISSN 0284-186X. - 60:9(2021), pp. 1192-1200. [10.1080/0284186X.2021.1924401]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2897445
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