The key features of calixarene derivatives as multivalent ligands for biomacromolecules and as multifunctional catalysts are reviewed herein. The ease of functionalization and the possibility to control the regio- and stereochemical disposition of multiple ligating units around a central core allow to obtain ligands with high affinity and selectivity especially for proteins and nucleic acids. The hydrophilic/lipophilic character can also be finely tuned, allowing to obtain monomeric hybrid derivatives or amphiphiles able to self-assemble alone or in co-formulation with lipids to give nanoparticles and liposomes that incorporate calixarenes. The knowledge acquired up to now sheds light on the future applications of calixarenes in bionanotechnology and nanomedicine.
Multivalent and Multifunctional Calixarenes in Bionanotechnology / Baldini, Laura; Casnati, Alessandro; Sansone, Francesco. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 1434-193X. - 2020:32(2020), pp. 5056-5069. [10.1002/ejoc.202000255]
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