The heart failure (HF) is one of the greatest problems of public health with increasing epidemiological importance. In the present study we analyzed a population of 299 patients, consecutively admitted to hospital, whose diagnosis of HF was verified retrospectively. In our analysis we considered underlying heart diseases, comorbidities, ejection fraction, presence of atrial fibrillation and pleural effusion, values of NT pro-BNP and causes of destabilization precipitating HF. The mean age of our population was 81 years. Patients with preserved systolic function were 145 (61% of the total, 59 male and 86 female). 166 patients (69% of the total) had hypertensive heart disease and 211 had hypertension (88% of the total). Patients with pleural effusion were 108 (46% of total). In the total population 102 patients (43%) had from 3 to 5 comorbidities, 169 patients (71%) had at least 2 comorbidities and only 4 patients (1.7%) had no comorbidities. The collected data highlight the complexity of patients with HF, often due to advanced age and a high number of comorbidities.
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