N-anilinoethylamides are a class of melatoninergic agents with the aniline portion mimicking the indole ring of the natural ligand and the ethylamide chain reproducing that of melatonin. The simplest compound in this class, N-{2-[(3-methoxyphenyl)methylamino]ethyl}acetamide (UCM793), has nanomolar binding affinity for MT1 and MT2 membrane receptors. To explore the effect of chain conformation on receptor binding, a methyl group was inserted on the methylene alpha or beta to the amide nitrogen and conformational equilibria were investigated by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. Receptor affinity was conserved only for the beta-methyl derivative, which also showed significant stereoselectivity, with the (S) enantiomer being the eutomer. Molecular dynamics simulations, validated by NMR spectroscopy, showed that the beta-methyl group affects the conformational preferences of the ethylamide chain. Docking into the receptor crystal structure provides a rationale for the observed chiral recognition, suggesting that the (S)-beta-methyl group favors the conformation that better fits the receptor binding site.

Chiral Recognition of Flexible Melatonin Receptor Ligands Induced by Conformational Equilibria / Elisi, GIAN MARCO; Bedini, Annalida; Scalvini, Laura; Carmi, Caterina; Bartolucci, Silvia; Lucini, Valeria; Scaglione, Francesco; Mor, Marco; Rivara, Silvia; Spadoni, Gilberto. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:18(2020), pp. 4057-4076. [10.3390/molecules25184057]

Chiral Recognition of Flexible Melatonin Receptor Ligands Induced by Conformational Equilibria

Gian Marco Elisi;Laura Scalvini;Caterina Carmi;Silvia Bartolucci;Marco Mor
;
Silvia Rivara;
2020-01-01

Abstract

N-anilinoethylamides are a class of melatoninergic agents with the aniline portion mimicking the indole ring of the natural ligand and the ethylamide chain reproducing that of melatonin. The simplest compound in this class, N-{2-[(3-methoxyphenyl)methylamino]ethyl}acetamide (UCM793), has nanomolar binding affinity for MT1 and MT2 membrane receptors. To explore the effect of chain conformation on receptor binding, a methyl group was inserted on the methylene alpha or beta to the amide nitrogen and conformational equilibria were investigated by NMR spectroscopy and molecular dynamics simulations. Receptor affinity was conserved only for the beta-methyl derivative, which also showed significant stereoselectivity, with the (S) enantiomer being the eutomer. Molecular dynamics simulations, validated by NMR spectroscopy, showed that the beta-methyl group affects the conformational preferences of the ethylamide chain. Docking into the receptor crystal structure provides a rationale for the observed chiral recognition, suggesting that the (S)-beta-methyl group favors the conformation that better fits the receptor binding site.
2020
Chiral Recognition of Flexible Melatonin Receptor Ligands Induced by Conformational Equilibria / Elisi, GIAN MARCO; Bedini, Annalida; Scalvini, Laura; Carmi, Caterina; Bartolucci, Silvia; Lucini, Valeria; Scaglione, Francesco; Mor, Marco; Rivara, Silvia; Spadoni, Gilberto. - In: MOLECULES. - ISSN 1420-3049. - 25:18(2020), pp. 4057-4076. [10.3390/molecules25184057]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2880163
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