Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) is a mineral first identified in 1845. It is tested for several reasons: (1) it is a problem in liquid wastewater treatment plants; (2) on the other hand, it is recovered from this wastewater because of phosphorus, magnesium, and nitrogen; (3) it is the main component of infectious urinary stones. In this paper, we present the first experimental evidences of the ferroelectric nature of struvite at room temperature. Struvite shows a hysteresis loop and spontaneous electric polarization that can be reversed by an application of an external electric field. The measured value of residual polarization of struvite is equal to 0.95 μC/cm2. We also report observations of the ferroelectric domains in struvite using birefringence imaging technique. The non-centrosymmetry of the crystal lattice is confirmed with the use of the Kurtz–Perry powder test. The second harmonic generation response for struvite in relation to that of potassium dihydrogen phosphate is 0.36. We suggest that ferroelectric properties for struvite, in particular, spontaneous polarization, can have a significant impact on the behavior of struvite in aqueous solutions, such as liquid wastewater or urine.

First experimental evidences on the ferroelectric nature of struvite / Prywer, J.; Delmonte, D.; Solzi, M.; Cugini, F.; Roleder, K.; Soszyński, A.; Ciżman, A.; Zaręba, J.. - In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN. - ISSN 1528-7483. - 20:7(2020), pp. 4454-4460. [10.1021/acs.cgd.0c00260]

First experimental evidences on the ferroelectric nature of struvite

D. Delmonte;M. Solzi;F. Cugini;
2020-01-01

Abstract

Struvite (MgNH4PO4·6H2O) is a mineral first identified in 1845. It is tested for several reasons: (1) it is a problem in liquid wastewater treatment plants; (2) on the other hand, it is recovered from this wastewater because of phosphorus, magnesium, and nitrogen; (3) it is the main component of infectious urinary stones. In this paper, we present the first experimental evidences of the ferroelectric nature of struvite at room temperature. Struvite shows a hysteresis loop and spontaneous electric polarization that can be reversed by an application of an external electric field. The measured value of residual polarization of struvite is equal to 0.95 μC/cm2. We also report observations of the ferroelectric domains in struvite using birefringence imaging technique. The non-centrosymmetry of the crystal lattice is confirmed with the use of the Kurtz–Perry powder test. The second harmonic generation response for struvite in relation to that of potassium dihydrogen phosphate is 0.36. We suggest that ferroelectric properties for struvite, in particular, spontaneous polarization, can have a significant impact on the behavior of struvite in aqueous solutions, such as liquid wastewater or urine.
2020
First experimental evidences on the ferroelectric nature of struvite / Prywer, J.; Delmonte, D.; Solzi, M.; Cugini, F.; Roleder, K.; Soszyński, A.; Ciżman, A.; Zaręba, J.. - In: CRYSTAL GROWTH & DESIGN. - ISSN 1528-7483. - 20:7(2020), pp. 4454-4460. [10.1021/acs.cgd.0c00260]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2874932
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