The effects of 12 weeks of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation on rectal mucosal proliferation were assessed with [3H]thymidine autoradiography in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 20 patients with sporadic adenomatous colorectal polyps. In the group of 10 that received fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid (4.1 g/day) and docosahexaenoic acid (3.6 g/day), the mean percentage of replicative "S"-phase cells in the upper part of colonic crypts (considered a reliable marker of colon cancer risk) significantly dropped from the baseline level after only 2 weeks of treatment and remained lower throughout the study period; no change in upper-crypt labeling was observed in the 10 placebo patients. Rectal mucosal eicosapentaenoic acid content increased in fish oil patients, whereas arachidonic acid levels decreased. The fish oil-induced kinetic changes represent contraction of the proliferative compartment to the levels of a low-risk population and may be related to ω-3 fatty acid effects on the arachidonic prostaglandin pathway. In this short-term trial, fish oil appeared to exert a rapid effect that may protect high-risk subjects from colon cancer. © 1992.

Effect of ω-3 fatty acids on rectal mucosal cell proliferation in subjects at risk for colon cancer / Anti, Marcello; Marra, Giancarlo; Armelao, Franco; Bartoli, Gianna Maria; Ficarelli, Rita; Percesepe, Antonio; De Vitis, Italo; Maria, Giorgio; Sofo, Luigi; Rapaccini, Gian Ludovico; Gentiloni, Nicola; Piccioni, Elisabetta; Miggiano, Giacinto. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - 103:3(1992), pp. 883-891.

Effect of ω-3 fatty acids on rectal mucosal cell proliferation in subjects at risk for colon cancer

Percesepe, Antonio;
1992

Abstract

The effects of 12 weeks of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation on rectal mucosal proliferation were assessed with [3H]thymidine autoradiography in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 20 patients with sporadic adenomatous colorectal polyps. In the group of 10 that received fish oil containing eicosapentaenoic acid (4.1 g/day) and docosahexaenoic acid (3.6 g/day), the mean percentage of replicative "S"-phase cells in the upper part of colonic crypts (considered a reliable marker of colon cancer risk) significantly dropped from the baseline level after only 2 weeks of treatment and remained lower throughout the study period; no change in upper-crypt labeling was observed in the 10 placebo patients. Rectal mucosal eicosapentaenoic acid content increased in fish oil patients, whereas arachidonic acid levels decreased. The fish oil-induced kinetic changes represent contraction of the proliferative compartment to the levels of a low-risk population and may be related to ω-3 fatty acid effects on the arachidonic prostaglandin pathway. In this short-term trial, fish oil appeared to exert a rapid effect that may protect high-risk subjects from colon cancer. © 1992.
Effect of ω-3 fatty acids on rectal mucosal cell proliferation in subjects at risk for colon cancer / Anti, Marcello; Marra, Giancarlo; Armelao, Franco; Bartoli, Gianna Maria; Ficarelli, Rita; Percesepe, Antonio; De Vitis, Italo; Maria, Giorgio; Sofo, Luigi; Rapaccini, Gian Ludovico; Gentiloni, Nicola; Piccioni, Elisabetta; Miggiano, Giacinto. - In: GASTROENTEROLOGY. - ISSN 0016-5085. - 103:3(1992), pp. 883-891.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2868693
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