Human tumours usually develop due to a close interaction between environmental and genetic factors. This concept applies also to well defined genetic diseases such as Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome), which is featured by early onset tumours of the large bowel (and other target organs), striking aggregation of neoplasms in families, and vertical transmission consistent with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. As a further example of gene/environment interaction, we report on a Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer family in which two dizygotic twins were affected by cancer of the large bowel. One of the twins was slightly overweight and showed many common risk factors for colorectal carcinoma; he developed a Dukes' C lesion at the age of 52 years. The other twin was not overweight and was much less exposed to exogenous risk factors; a Dukes' B carcinoma was diagnosed at age 60, during a control endoscopy. This anedoctal report suggests that diet and lifestyle are of relevance also in patients with genetically determined tumours of the large bowel. It follows that the control of these environmental factors might be associated with a delay of tumour occurrence and possibly with a less aggressive tumour behaviour.

Epidemiologic and genetic factor in colorectal cancer: Development of cancer in dizygotic twins in a family with Lynch syndrome / De Ponz Leon, M.; Pedroni, M.; Benatti, P.; Percesepe, A.; Rossi, G.; Genuardi, M.; Roncucci, L.. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 1125-8055. - 31:3(1999), pp. 218-222.

Epidemiologic and genetic factor in colorectal cancer: Development of cancer in dizygotic twins in a family with Lynch syndrome

Percesepe, A.;
1999-01-01

Abstract

Human tumours usually develop due to a close interaction between environmental and genetic factors. This concept applies also to well defined genetic diseases such as Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer (HNPCC or Lynch syndrome), which is featured by early onset tumours of the large bowel (and other target organs), striking aggregation of neoplasms in families, and vertical transmission consistent with an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. As a further example of gene/environment interaction, we report on a Hereditary Nonpolyposis Colorectal Cancer family in which two dizygotic twins were affected by cancer of the large bowel. One of the twins was slightly overweight and showed many common risk factors for colorectal carcinoma; he developed a Dukes' C lesion at the age of 52 years. The other twin was not overweight and was much less exposed to exogenous risk factors; a Dukes' B carcinoma was diagnosed at age 60, during a control endoscopy. This anedoctal report suggests that diet and lifestyle are of relevance also in patients with genetically determined tumours of the large bowel. It follows that the control of these environmental factors might be associated with a delay of tumour occurrence and possibly with a less aggressive tumour behaviour.
Epidemiologic and genetic factor in colorectal cancer: Development of cancer in dizygotic twins in a family with Lynch syndrome / De Ponz Leon, M.; Pedroni, M.; Benatti, P.; Percesepe, A.; Rossi, G.; Genuardi, M.; Roncucci, L.. - In: ITALIAN JOURNAL OF GASTROENTEROLOGY AND HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 1125-8055. - 31:3(1999), pp. 218-222.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2868682
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