In the coming years, the new EU Regulation on Novel Food is likely to facilitate the development of a niche market for insects and insect‐based ingredients in many European countries. In this research, the aim is to explore the relationship between willingness to try (WTT) and behavior of eating insects, where the independent variables are food neophobia, sensory property expectations, and previous consumption. In total, 88 Italian participants took part in the study. The food neophobia scale (FNS) was constructed using 9 of the 10 items from the original FNS, and a Structural Equation Modeling approach was used to test the research hypotheses. The results show that males are more open to trying insects than females, and food neophobia is negatively correlated with the willingness to eat insects. Findings also indicate that the first exposure to insects positively increases consumers’ sensory property expectations. Intention to try is a strong predictor of the behavior of eating insects. People who scored lower on the FNS were more likely to try (intention) and consequently eat insects (behavior). These findings enhance knowledge about factors which could lead to lower levels of negative prejudice and greater willingness to taste edible insects among Western consumers. Finally, some marketing implications are discussed, like the need of information campaigns to emphasize positive sensory attributes of edible insects to increase the WTT this unfamiliar food.

The Food Neophobia Scale and Young Adults’ Intention to Eat Insect Products / Sogari, Giovanni; Menozzi, Davide; Mora, Cristina. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSUMER STUDIES. - ISSN 1470-6423. - (2018), pp. 1-9. [10.1111/ijcs.12485]

The Food Neophobia Scale and Young Adults’ Intention to Eat Insect Products

Giovanni Sogari
;
Davide Menozzi;Cristina Mora
2018

Abstract

In the coming years, the new EU Regulation on Novel Food is likely to facilitate the development of a niche market for insects and insect‐based ingredients in many European countries. In this research, the aim is to explore the relationship between willingness to try (WTT) and behavior of eating insects, where the independent variables are food neophobia, sensory property expectations, and previous consumption. In total, 88 Italian participants took part in the study. The food neophobia scale (FNS) was constructed using 9 of the 10 items from the original FNS, and a Structural Equation Modeling approach was used to test the research hypotheses. The results show that males are more open to trying insects than females, and food neophobia is negatively correlated with the willingness to eat insects. Findings also indicate that the first exposure to insects positively increases consumers’ sensory property expectations. Intention to try is a strong predictor of the behavior of eating insects. People who scored lower on the FNS were more likely to try (intention) and consequently eat insects (behavior). These findings enhance knowledge about factors which could lead to lower levels of negative prejudice and greater willingness to taste edible insects among Western consumers. Finally, some marketing implications are discussed, like the need of information campaigns to emphasize positive sensory attributes of edible insects to increase the WTT this unfamiliar food.
The Food Neophobia Scale and Young Adults’ Intention to Eat Insect Products / Sogari, Giovanni; Menozzi, Davide; Mora, Cristina. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CONSUMER STUDIES. - ISSN 1470-6423. - (2018), pp. 1-9. [10.1111/ijcs.12485]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2853346
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