A new family of melatonin receptor ligands, characterized by a tetrahydroquinoline (THQ) scaffold carrying an amide chain in position 3, was devised as conformationally constrained analogs of flexible N-anilinoethylamides previously developed. Molecular superposition models allowed to identify the patterns of substitution conferring high receptor binding affinity and to support the THQ ring as a suitable scaffold for the preparation of melatonin ligands. The biological activity of 3-acylamino-THQs was compared with that of the corresponding tetralin derivatives. The THQ ring proved to be a versatile scaffold for easy feasible MT1and MT2ligands, which resulted as more polar bioisosteres of their tetralin analogs. Potent partial agonists, with subnanomolar binding affinity for the MT2receptor, were obtained, and a new series of THQ derivatives is presented. The putative binding mode of potent THQs and tetralines was discussed on the basis of their conformational equilibria as inferred from molecular dynamics simulations and experimental NMR data.
|Appare nelle tipologie:||1.1 Articolo su rivista|