We report a detailed study on the magnetic properties of the pyroxene series <i>M2</i><i>M1</i>Si<sub>2</sub>O<sub>6</sub>, with <i>M2</i> = Ca and <i>M1</i> = Mg, where magnesium and then calcium are progressively substituted by cobalt. For cobalt site occupancy larger than 0.7 at the <i>M1</i> site, a collinear antiferromagnetic phase is detected for T < T<sub>N1</sub> = 12 K with a monodimensional character (i.e. <i>M1</i> site intra-chain order parallel to <i>c</i> axis). Moreover the magnetization easy axis has been estimated to lie roughly along the  direction. Cobalt content ≥ 0.5 at the <i>M2</i> site (overall content 1.5) determines the formation of a new independent antiferromagnetic order with higher Néel temperatures, involving only the <i>M2</i> site intra-chain interactions. The incoming <i>M2</i> site order is accompanied by a lowering of the space symmetry which yields to a weakly ferromagnetic resultant due to spin canted distribution of the magnetic moments either along the <i>M1</i> or <i>M2</i> chains. Furthermore, metamagnetic transitions are observed for both <i>M1</i> and <i>M2</i> site intra-chain orders at relatively low critical magnetic fields, around 2 T, suggesting that this series of pyroxenes can be used as model system for investigating the fundamental aspects of magnetism in the matter.
A comprehensive study of the magnetic properties of the pyroxenes series CaMgSi<sub>2</sub>O<sub>6</sub>-Co<sub>2</sub>Si<sub>2</sub>O<sub>6</sub> as a function of Co content / Delmonte, Davide; Gori, Claudia; Lambruschi, Erica; Mantovani, Luciana; Mezzadri, Francesco; Bersani, Danilo; Lottici, Pier Paolo; Gilioli, Edmondo; Solzi, Massimo; Tribaudino, Mario. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICS. CONDENSED MATTER. - ISSN 0953-8984. - 30(2018), p. 285801. [10.1088/1361-648X/aaca0e]
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