The physical and operating principle of a stress sensor, based on two crossing carbon fibers functionalized with ZnO nanorod-shaped nanostructures, was recently demonstrated. The functionalization process has been here extended to tows made of one thousand fibers, like those commonly used in industrial processing, to prove the idea that the same working principle can be exploited in the creation of smart sensing carbon fiber composites. A stress-sensing device made of two functionalized tows, fixed with epoxy resin and crossing like in a typical carbon fiber texture, was successfully tested. Piezoelectric properties of single nanorods, as well as those of the test device, were measured and discussed.
Functionalization of carbon fiber tows with ZnO nanorods for stress sensor integration in smart composite materials / Calestani, Davide; Culiolo, Maurizio; Villani, Marco; Delmonte, Davide; Solzi, Massimo; Kim, Tae-Yun; Kim, Sang-Woo; Marchini, Laura; Zappettini, Andrea. - In: NANOTECHNOLOGY. - ISSN 0957-4484. - 29(2018), p. 335501. [10.1088/1361-6528/aac850]
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