This Research Communication investigated the potential of mid-infrared spectroscopy to predict detailed mineral composition of bovine milk. A total of 153 bulk milk samples were analysed for contents of Ca, Cl, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Na, P and Zn. Also, soluble and colloidal fractions of Ca, Mg and P were quantified. For each milk sample the mid-infrared spectrum was captured and stored. Prediction models were developed using partial least squares regression and the accuracy of predic- tion was evaluated using both cross- and external validation. The proportion of variance explained by the prediction models in cross-validation ranged from 34% (Na) to 77% (total P), and it ranged from 13% (soluble Mg) to 54% (Cl−) in external validation. The ratio of the standard deviation of each trait to the standard error of prediction in external validation, which is an indicator of the prac- tical utility of the prediction model, was low and never greater than 2. Results from the current study supported the limited usefulness of mid-infrared spectroscopy to predict minerals present in low con- centration in bulk milk. For major mineral components, results from the present research did not match previous findings demonstrating the need for further studies using larger reference datasets.
Investigation on the effectiveness of mid-infrared spectroscopy to predict detailed mineral composition of bulk milk / Malacarne, Massimo; Visentin, Giulio; Summer, Andrea; Cassandro, Martino; Penasa, Mauro; Bolzoni, Giuseppe; Zanardi, Giorgio; De Marchi, Massimo. - In: THE JOURNAL OF DAIRY RESEARCH. - ISSN 0022-0299. - 85:1(2018), pp. 83-86-86. [10.1017/S0022029917000826]
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