Bifidobacteria are important gut commensals of mammals, including humans, of any age. However, the molecular mechanisms by which these microorganisms establish themselves in the mammalian gut and persist in this environment are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the genetic diversity of the predicted arsenal of sortase-dependent pili of known and sequenced members of the Bifidobacterium genus and constructed a bifidobacterial sortase-dependent fimbriome database. Our analyses revealed considerable genetic variability of the sortase-dependent fimbriome among bifidobacterial (sub)species, which appears to have been due to horizontal gene transfer events and for which we were able to perform evolutionary mapping. Functional assessment by transcriptome analysis and binding assays involving different substrates demonstrates how bifidobacterial pili are pivotal in promoting various abilities for adhesion to glycans and extracellular matrix proteins, thereby supporting the ecological success of bifidobacteria in the mammalian gut.

The sortase-dependent fimbriome of the genus Bifidobacterium: Extracellular structures with potential to modulate microbe-host dialogue / Milani, Christian; Mangifesta, Marta; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Mancino, Walter; Viappiani, Alice; Faccini, Andrea; van Sinderen, Douwe; Ventura, Marco; Turroni, Francesca. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - 83:19(2017), p. e01295-17. [10.1128/AEM.01295-17]

The sortase-dependent fimbriome of the genus Bifidobacterium: Extracellular structures with potential to modulate microbe-host dialogue

Milani, Christian;Mangifesta, Marta;Mancabelli, Leonardo;Lugli, Gabriele Andrea;MANCINO, WALTER;FACCINI, Andrea;van Sinderen, Douwe;Ventura, Marco;Turroni, Francesca
2017

Abstract

Bifidobacteria are important gut commensals of mammals, including humans, of any age. However, the molecular mechanisms by which these microorganisms establish themselves in the mammalian gut and persist in this environment are largely unknown. Here, we analyzed the genetic diversity of the predicted arsenal of sortase-dependent pili of known and sequenced members of the Bifidobacterium genus and constructed a bifidobacterial sortase-dependent fimbriome database. Our analyses revealed considerable genetic variability of the sortase-dependent fimbriome among bifidobacterial (sub)species, which appears to have been due to horizontal gene transfer events and for which we were able to perform evolutionary mapping. Functional assessment by transcriptome analysis and binding assays involving different substrates demonstrates how bifidobacterial pili are pivotal in promoting various abilities for adhesion to glycans and extracellular matrix proteins, thereby supporting the ecological success of bifidobacteria in the mammalian gut.
The sortase-dependent fimbriome of the genus Bifidobacterium: Extracellular structures with potential to modulate microbe-host dialogue / Milani, Christian; Mangifesta, Marta; Mancabelli, Leonardo; Lugli, Gabriele Andrea; Mancino, Walter; Viappiani, Alice; Faccini, Andrea; van Sinderen, Douwe; Ventura, Marco; Turroni, Francesca. - In: APPLIED AND ENVIRONMENTAL MICROBIOLOGY. - ISSN 0099-2240. - 83:19(2017), p. e01295-17. [10.1128/AEM.01295-17]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2838327
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