We report on the case of a patient with mosaic trisomy 22, who was diagnosed prenatally by amniocentesis during the 16th week of pregnancy. In the foetus, three trisomic clones were found out of the nine that were analyzed (the other six clones had a 46,XY karyotype). Cytogenetic analysis of cord blood during the 20th week of pregnancy showed a normal male karyotype; however, a placental biopsy that was performed at the same time showed 100% and 95% trisomic cells in the chromosomal analysis of direct and long-term cultures, respectively. A follow-up ultrasonographic examination excluded major congenital malformations and the abdominal and cranial circumferences were normal until the 24th week of pregnancy. At this point, a deflection of the growth curve occurred and the values were persistently below the 3rd centile until birth. After birth, karyotypic and fluorescent in situ hybridisation analyses performed on the fibroblasts of the neonate showed that 3-4% of the cell lines were trisomic, and studies using microsatellite markers showed normal allelic segregation, which excluded uniparental disomy. The period of postnatal follow-up was characterised by a significant growth deficit (height and head circumference were less than the 3rd centile) and by mental retardation. The present case is compatible with other earlier reports that showed that the levels of trisomy 22 are tissue-specific and are of little help in establishing the prognosis of the chromosomal abnormality. © 2010 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.
Prenatal diagnosis and postnatal follow-up of a child with mosaic trisomy 22 with several levels of mosaicism in different tissues / Mazza, Vincenzo; Latella, Silvia; Fenu, Valentina; Ferrari, Paola; Bonilauri, Carlotta; Santucci, Sandra; Percesepe, Antonio. - In: THE JOURNAL OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY RESEARCH. - ISSN 1341-8076. - 36:5(2010), pp. 1116-1120. [10.1111/j.1447-0756.2010.01278.x]
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