MATERIALS AND METHODS: We've analyzed patients treated for gastric cancer at our Operative Unit of ent, extent of lymphadenectomy and survival. General Surgery and Organ Transplantation of the University Hospital of Parma from January 2006 till December 2010, relating the occurrence of eventual complications to sex, age at diagnosis, definitive histological examination, type and duration of surgical treatment. BACKGROUND: Surgical resection remains the main curative treatment for gastric cancer but is still affected by high postoperative morbidity and mortality rates, especially in Western countries. RESULTS: The surgically treated cases were 152 (30.4 gastrectomies per year on average). 62 patients developed at least one adverse event during the postoperative period, reaching 108 total events. Among these, 71 were minor complications (grade I-II in Clavien-Dindo's classification), while 26 were major ones (grade III). Postoperative mortality affected 8 patients (5.3%). Data analysis did not stress any statistically significant correlation between the valued variables and the global incidence of complications. For severe ones, some risk factors emerged such as the type of gastrectomy, the execution of a multi-visceral resection and the operative time. Five-year overall survival has been 36.7%, lower in patients with severe complications (29%) when compared to patients without severe complications (38%). Radicality of operation, the lymph node involvement and the occurrence of severe complication emerged as significant prognostic factors for five-year overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Surgery is still the mainstay of treatment for gastric cancer and the only one able to grant a curative therapy. When performed in high-volume centres, with more than 20 gastrectomies per year, it represents a safe treatment, affected by low mortality. Attention must be paid to careful preoperative selection, to treatment of pre-existent comorbidities, to plan a therapeutical strategy to minimize surgical stress, to postoperative monitoring and to managing complications', as they're able to impact not only low-term outcomes but also overall and disease-free survival. The poor prognosis for these patients is mainly related to advanced stage at presentation, thus confirming the need to increase early diagnosis in order to detect in larger percentages the tumor in its early stage.
Relationship between postoperative complications and survival after gastrectomy for cancer / DEL RIO, Paolo; Bernuzzi, Emanuele; Bertocchi, Elisa; Viani, Lorenzo; Cozzani, Federico; MONTANA MONTANA, Chiara. - In: ANNALI ITALIANI DI CHIRURGIA. - ISSN 2239-253X. - 88(2017).
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