Scaffolds for cardiac patch application must meet stringent requirements such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and facilitate vascularization in the engineered tissue. Here, a bioactive, biocompatible, and biodegradable electrospun scaffold of poly(glycerol sebacate)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PGS-PCL) is proposed as a potential scaffold for cardiac patch application. The fibers are smooth bead free with average diameter = 0.8 ± 0.3 μm, mean pore size = 2.2 ± 1.2 μm, porosity = 62 ± 4%, and permeability higher than that of control biological tissue. For the first time, bioactive PGS-PCL fibers functionalized with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are developed, the approach used being chemical modification of the PGS-PCL fibers followed by subsequent binding of VEGF via amide bonding. The approach results in uniform immobilization of VEGF on the fibers; the concentrations are 1.0 μg cm<sup>-2</sup> for the PGS-PCL (H) and 0.60 μg cm<sup>-2</sup> for the PGS-PCL (L) samples. The bioactive scaffold supports the attachment and growth of seeded myogenic and vasculogenic cell lines. In fact, rat aortic endothelial cells also display angiogenic features indicating potential for the formation of vascular tree in the scaffold. These results therefore demonstrate the prospects of VEGF-functionalized PGS-PCL fibrous scaffold as promising matrix for cardiac patch application.

Bioactive Electrospun Fibers of Poly(glycerol sebacate) and Poly(ε-caprolactone) for Cardiac Patch Application / Rai, Ranjana; Tallawi, Marwa; Frati, Caterina; Falco, Angela; Gervasi, Andrea; Quaini, Federico; Roether, Judith A.; Hochburger, Tobias; Schubert, Dirk W.; Seik, Lothar; Barbani, Niccoletta; Lazzeri, Luigi; Rosellini, Elisabetta; Boccaccini, Aldo R.. - In: ADVANCED HEALTHCARE MATERIALS. - ISSN 2192-2659. - 4:13(2015), pp. 2012-2025. [10.1002/adhm.201500154]

Bioactive Electrospun Fibers of Poly(glycerol sebacate) and Poly(ε-caprolactone) for Cardiac Patch Application

FRATI, Caterina;FALCO, Angela;GERVASI, Andrea;QUAINI, Federico;ROSELLINI, ELISABETTA;
2015

Abstract

Scaffolds for cardiac patch application must meet stringent requirements such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and facilitate vascularization in the engineered tissue. Here, a bioactive, biocompatible, and biodegradable electrospun scaffold of poly(glycerol sebacate)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PGS-PCL) is proposed as a potential scaffold for cardiac patch application. The fibers are smooth bead free with average diameter = 0.8 ± 0.3 μm, mean pore size = 2.2 ± 1.2 μm, porosity = 62 ± 4%, and permeability higher than that of control biological tissue. For the first time, bioactive PGS-PCL fibers functionalized with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are developed, the approach used being chemical modification of the PGS-PCL fibers followed by subsequent binding of VEGF via amide bonding. The approach results in uniform immobilization of VEGF on the fibers; the concentrations are 1.0 μg cm-2 for the PGS-PCL (H) and 0.60 μg cm-2 for the PGS-PCL (L) samples. The bioactive scaffold supports the attachment and growth of seeded myogenic and vasculogenic cell lines. In fact, rat aortic endothelial cells also display angiogenic features indicating potential for the formation of vascular tree in the scaffold. These results therefore demonstrate the prospects of VEGF-functionalized PGS-PCL fibrous scaffold as promising matrix for cardiac patch application.
Bioactive Electrospun Fibers of Poly(glycerol sebacate) and Poly(ε-caprolactone) for Cardiac Patch Application / Rai, Ranjana; Tallawi, Marwa; Frati, Caterina; Falco, Angela; Gervasi, Andrea; Quaini, Federico; Roether, Judith A.; Hochburger, Tobias; Schubert, Dirk W.; Seik, Lothar; Barbani, Niccoletta; Lazzeri, Luigi; Rosellini, Elisabetta; Boccaccini, Aldo R.. - In: ADVANCED HEALTHCARE MATERIALS. - ISSN 2192-2659. - 4:13(2015), pp. 2012-2025. [10.1002/adhm.201500154]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2817976
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