Background: The search for compounds able to counteract chemotherapy-induced heart failure is extremely important at the age of global cancer epidemic. The role of SIRT1 in the maintenance of progenitor cell homeostasis may contribute to its cardioprotective effects. SIRT1 activators, by preserving progenitor cells, could have a clinical relevance for the prevention of doxorubicin (DOXO)-cardiotoxicity. Methods: To determine whether SIRT1 activator, resveratrol (RES), interferes with adverse effects of DOXO on cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs): 1) human CPCs (hCPCs) were exposed in vitro to DOXO or DOXO + RES and their regenerative potential was tested in vivo in an animal model of DOXO-induced heart failure; 2) the in vivo effects of DOXO + RES co-treatment on CPCs were studied in a rat model. Results: Incontrast to healthy cells, DOXO-exposed hCPCs were ineffective in a model of anthracycline cardiomyopathy. The in vitro activation of SIRT1 decreased p53 acetylation, overcame suppression of the IGF-1/Akt prosurvival and anti-apoptotic signaling, enhanced oxidative stress defense and prevented senescence and growth arrest of hCPCs. Priming with RES counterbalanced the onset of dysfunctional phenotype in DOXO-exposed hCPCs, partly restoring their ability to repair the damage with improvement in cardiac function and animal survival. The in vivo co-treatment DOXO + RES prevented the anthracycline-induced alterations in CPCs, partly preserving cardiac function. Conclusion: SIRT1 activation protects DOXO-exposed CPCs and re-establishes their proper function. Pharmacological intervention at the level of tissue-specific progenitor cells may provide cardiac benefits for the growing population of long-term cancer survivors that are at risk of chemotherapy-induced cardiovascular toxicity.

SIRT1 activation rescues doxorubicin-induced loss of functional competence of human cardiac progenitor cells / De Angelis, Antonella; Piegari, Elena; Cappetta, Donato; Russo, Rosa; Esposito, Grazia; Ciuffreda, Loreta Pia; Ferraiolo, Fiorella Angelica Valeria; Frati, Caterina; Fagnoni, Francesco; Berrino, Liberato; Quaini, Federico; Rossi, Francesco; Urbanek, Konrad. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 189:1(2015), pp. 30-44. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.438]

SIRT1 activation rescues doxorubicin-induced loss of functional competence of human cardiac progenitor cells

FRATI, Caterina;QUAINI, Federico;URBANEK, KONRAD ARKADIUSZ
2015

Abstract

Background: The search for compounds able to counteract chemotherapy-induced heart failure is extremely important at the age of global cancer epidemic. The role of SIRT1 in the maintenance of progenitor cell homeostasis may contribute to its cardioprotective effects. SIRT1 activators, by preserving progenitor cells, could have a clinical relevance for the prevention of doxorubicin (DOXO)-cardiotoxicity. Methods: To determine whether SIRT1 activator, resveratrol (RES), interferes with adverse effects of DOXO on cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs): 1) human CPCs (hCPCs) were exposed in vitro to DOXO or DOXO + RES and their regenerative potential was tested in vivo in an animal model of DOXO-induced heart failure; 2) the in vivo effects of DOXO + RES co-treatment on CPCs were studied in a rat model. Results: Incontrast to healthy cells, DOXO-exposed hCPCs were ineffective in a model of anthracycline cardiomyopathy. The in vitro activation of SIRT1 decreased p53 acetylation, overcame suppression of the IGF-1/Akt prosurvival and anti-apoptotic signaling, enhanced oxidative stress defense and prevented senescence and growth arrest of hCPCs. Priming with RES counterbalanced the onset of dysfunctional phenotype in DOXO-exposed hCPCs, partly restoring their ability to repair the damage with improvement in cardiac function and animal survival. The in vivo co-treatment DOXO + RES prevented the anthracycline-induced alterations in CPCs, partly preserving cardiac function. Conclusion: SIRT1 activation protects DOXO-exposed CPCs and re-establishes their proper function. Pharmacological intervention at the level of tissue-specific progenitor cells may provide cardiac benefits for the growing population of long-term cancer survivors that are at risk of chemotherapy-induced cardiovascular toxicity.
SIRT1 activation rescues doxorubicin-induced loss of functional competence of human cardiac progenitor cells / De Angelis, Antonella; Piegari, Elena; Cappetta, Donato; Russo, Rosa; Esposito, Grazia; Ciuffreda, Loreta Pia; Ferraiolo, Fiorella Angelica Valeria; Frati, Caterina; Fagnoni, Francesco; Berrino, Liberato; Quaini, Federico; Rossi, Francesco; Urbanek, Konrad. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0167-5273. - 189:1(2015), pp. 30-44. [10.1016/j.ijcard.2015.03.438]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2817849
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