Pistons of internal combustion (IC) engines are typically subjected during operation to high cycle fatigue loading at elevated temperatures (up to 350°C). The materials typically used for piston production are eutectic Al-Si alloys for their excellent fluidity and suitable mechanical properties. Results of a fatigue testing program of eutectic Al-Si alloys at room temperature and at elevated temperatures (250°C, 300°C and 350°C) performed with the aim to support piston design and material optimization are reported in this paper. Specimens were extracted from piston crowns and tested in a rotating bending test machine. The fatigue strength at 107 cycles was quantified by a staircase approach. To investigate the strengthening mechanism based on the formation of precipitates (Guinier-Preston (GP) zones) during decomposition of a metastable supersaturated solid solution, a structural investigation of one of the alloys before and after fatigue testing at elevated temperatures was conducted. Metallography, color etching, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to elucidate the following aspects: (1) the structural features of the alloy (dendrites of α-phase, primary Si particle size and distribution, morphology and distribution of intermetallic phases); (2) the changes of the strengthening mechanism (GP zones) with elevated temperature exposure.

The role of elevated temperature exposure on structural evolution and fatigue strength of eutectic AlSi12 alloys / Konečná, R; Nicoletto, Gianni; Kunz, L.; Riva, Enrica. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FATIGUE. - ISSN 0142-1123. - 83(2015), pp. 24-35. [10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2015.05.007]

The role of elevated temperature exposure on structural evolution and fatigue strength of eutectic AlSi12 alloys

NICOLETTO, Gianni
;
RIVA, Enrica
2015

Abstract

Pistons of internal combustion (IC) engines are typically subjected during operation to high cycle fatigue loading at elevated temperatures (up to 350°C). The materials typically used for piston production are eutectic Al-Si alloys for their excellent fluidity and suitable mechanical properties. Results of a fatigue testing program of eutectic Al-Si alloys at room temperature and at elevated temperatures (250°C, 300°C and 350°C) performed with the aim to support piston design and material optimization are reported in this paper. Specimens were extracted from piston crowns and tested in a rotating bending test machine. The fatigue strength at 107 cycles was quantified by a staircase approach. To investigate the strengthening mechanism based on the formation of precipitates (Guinier-Preston (GP) zones) during decomposition of a metastable supersaturated solid solution, a structural investigation of one of the alloys before and after fatigue testing at elevated temperatures was conducted. Metallography, color etching, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to elucidate the following aspects: (1) the structural features of the alloy (dendrites of α-phase, primary Si particle size and distribution, morphology and distribution of intermetallic phases); (2) the changes of the strengthening mechanism (GP zones) with elevated temperature exposure.
The role of elevated temperature exposure on structural evolution and fatigue strength of eutectic AlSi12 alloys / Konečná, R; Nicoletto, Gianni; Kunz, L.; Riva, Enrica. - In: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF FATIGUE. - ISSN 0142-1123. - 83(2015), pp. 24-35. [10.1016/j.ijfatigue.2015.05.007]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2816105
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