Detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific T cell response after exposure to hepatitis C in anti-HCV-positive or anti-HCV-negative patients has been associated with an ability to successfully control the infection. However, cross-reactivity between common human pathogens and HCV sequences has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of T cell cross-reactivity on HCV-specific T cell responses and their detection in HCV infected and non-infected subjects. The magnitude, function, and cross-reactivity of HCV peptide reactive T cells were studied in non-HCV-infected newborns and adults using a broad array of HCV peptides (601 peptides) spanning the entire HCV sequence. Comparisons were made with responses present in recovered and in chronically HCV-infected patients. HCV peptide reactive T cells are detectable in adults irrespective of previous HCV exposure and cross-reactivity between HCV peptides, and sequences of common pathogens, such as human herpes virus 1, can be demonstrated. Furthermore, the comprehensive magnitude of HCV-peptide reactive T cells present in chronically HCV-infected patients is similar and in some cases even lower than that of HCV-peptide reactive T cell response found in HCV-negative adults. In conclusion, the presence of oligo-specific HCV-peptide reactive T cells in humans does not always reflect a demonstration of previous HCV contact, whereas cross-reactivity with other common pathogens can potentially influence the HCV-specific T cell profile. The conspicuous deficit of HCV-peptide-specific T cells found in chronically HCV-infected patients confirms the profound collapse of virus-specific T cell response caused by HCV persistence. Copyright © 2006 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

The influence of T cell cross-reactivity on HCV-peptide specific human T cell response / Kennedy, Patrick T.F.; Urbani, Simonetta; Moses, Rebecca A.; Amadei, Barbara; Fisicaro, Paola; Lloyd, Jilly; Maini, Mala K.; Dusheiko, Geoffrey; Ferrari, Carlo; Bertoletti, Antonio. - In: HEPATOLOGY. - ISSN 0270-9139. - 43:3(2006), pp. 602-611. [10.1002/hep.21081]

The influence of T cell cross-reactivity on HCV-peptide specific human T cell response

FERRARI, Carlo;
2006

Abstract

Detection of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-specific T cell response after exposure to hepatitis C in anti-HCV-positive or anti-HCV-negative patients has been associated with an ability to successfully control the infection. However, cross-reactivity between common human pathogens and HCV sequences has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of T cell cross-reactivity on HCV-specific T cell responses and their detection in HCV infected and non-infected subjects. The magnitude, function, and cross-reactivity of HCV peptide reactive T cells were studied in non-HCV-infected newborns and adults using a broad array of HCV peptides (601 peptides) spanning the entire HCV sequence. Comparisons were made with responses present in recovered and in chronically HCV-infected patients. HCV peptide reactive T cells are detectable in adults irrespective of previous HCV exposure and cross-reactivity between HCV peptides, and sequences of common pathogens, such as human herpes virus 1, can be demonstrated. Furthermore, the comprehensive magnitude of HCV-peptide reactive T cells present in chronically HCV-infected patients is similar and in some cases even lower than that of HCV-peptide reactive T cell response found in HCV-negative adults. In conclusion, the presence of oligo-specific HCV-peptide reactive T cells in humans does not always reflect a demonstration of previous HCV contact, whereas cross-reactivity with other common pathogens can potentially influence the HCV-specific T cell profile. The conspicuous deficit of HCV-peptide-specific T cells found in chronically HCV-infected patients confirms the profound collapse of virus-specific T cell response caused by HCV persistence. Copyright © 2006 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/2814934
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