To better exploit manufacturing facilities and standardize cheese quality, milk composition could be standardized by fortifying its protein content with a milk protein concentrate (MPC) addition so avoiding partially skimming the milk. With this aim Mozzarella cheese was obtained adding citric acid into milk standardized at 4% protein and a fat to protein ratio of 1.0. Protein fortification was obtained adding MPC produced by ultrafiltration. Milk, whey, curd, cheese and stretching water were weighed and analysed for total solid, fat and protein content, to measure component recovery and yield. Yield increase (from 13.8% to 16.7%) was due to the higher recovery of the milk total solids and proteins in MPC cheese (48.2 and 78.3%, respectively) and to the slightly higher cheese moisture, obtained with a little modification of the cheese technology when adding MPC. Milk fat in cheese was lower than that reported in literature. Hot water stretching of the curd resulted in very low losses (1%) of protein and considerable losses (14%) of fat for both control and MPC cheeses. The likely reasons of this low recovery are discussed and it can be supposed that a further cheese yield increase is possible by changing the curd stretching procedures.
Use of milk protein concentrate to standardize milk composition in Italian citric Mozzarella cheese making / S., Francolino; F., Locci; R., Ghiglietti; R., Iezzi; Mucchetti, Germano. - In: LEBENSMITTEL-WISSENSCHAFT + TECHNOLOGIE. - ISSN 0023-6438. - 43(2010), pp. 310-314. [10.1016/j.lwt.2009.08.007]