Tumour-associated antigens (TAA)-specific vaccination requires highly immunogenic reagents capable of inducing cytotoxic T cells (CTL). Soluble peptides are currently used in clinical applications despite an acknowledged poor immunogenicity. Encapsulation into liposomes has been suggested to improve the immunogenicity of discrete antigen formulations. We comparatively evaluated the capacity of HLA-A2.1 restricted Melan-A/MART-1 epitopes in soluble form (S) or following inclusion into sterically stabilised liposomes (SSL) to be recognised by specific CTL, to stimulate their proliferation and to induce them in healthy donors’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as well as in melanoma-derived tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). HLA-A2.1þ, Melan-A/ MART-1-NA-8 melanoma cells served as targets of specific CTL in 51Cr release assays upon pulsing by untreated or human plasmatreated soluble or SSL-encapsulated Melan-A/MART-1 27–35 (M27–35) or 26–35 (M26–35) epitopes. These reagents were also used to stimulate CTL proliferation, measured as 3H-thymidine incorporation, in the presence of immature dendritic cells (iDC), as antigen-presenting cells (APC). Induction of specific CTL upon stimulation with soluble or SSL-encapsulated peptides was attempted in healthy donors’ PBMC or melanoma-derived TIL, and monitored by 51Cr release assays and tetramer staining. Na-8 cells pulsing with SSL M27–35 resulted in a five-fold more effective killing by specific CTL as compared with equal amounts of S M27–35. Encapsulation into SSL also provided a partial (50%) protection of M27–35 from plasma hydrolysis. No specific advantages regarding M26–35 were detectable in these assays. However, at low epitope concentrations (p100 ng ml1), SSL M26–35 was significantly more effective in inducing CTL proliferation than S M26–35, in the presence of iDC, as APC. Preincubation with iDC for 6 h virtually abolished the capacity of S M26–35 to stimulate specific CTL proliferation, but only partially affected that of SSL M26–35. Most importantly, SSL M26–35 was able to enhance the induction of specific CTL in healthy donors PBMC and in melanoma-derived TIL as compared to S M26–35. Taken together, our data indicate that encapsulation of TAA epitopes into SSL results in effective immunogenic formulations suitable for clinical use in active specific tumour immunotherapy.

Encapsulation into sterically stabilized liposomes enhances the immunogenicity of melanoma associated Melan-A/MART-1 epitopes / Adamina, M; Bolli, M; Albo, F; Cavazza, Antonella; Zajac, P; Padovan, E; Schumacher, R; Reschner, A; Feder, C; MARTI W., R; Oertli, D; Heberer, M; Spagnoli, G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0007-0920. - 90(2004), pp. 263-269. [10.1038/sj.bjc.6601473]

Encapsulation into sterically stabilized liposomes enhances the immunogenicity of melanoma associated Melan-A/MART-1 epitopes

CAVAZZA, Antonella;
2004

Abstract

Tumour-associated antigens (TAA)-specific vaccination requires highly immunogenic reagents capable of inducing cytotoxic T cells (CTL). Soluble peptides are currently used in clinical applications despite an acknowledged poor immunogenicity. Encapsulation into liposomes has been suggested to improve the immunogenicity of discrete antigen formulations. We comparatively evaluated the capacity of HLA-A2.1 restricted Melan-A/MART-1 epitopes in soluble form (S) or following inclusion into sterically stabilised liposomes (SSL) to be recognised by specific CTL, to stimulate their proliferation and to induce them in healthy donors’ peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), as well as in melanoma-derived tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL). HLA-A2.1þ, Melan-A/ MART-1-NA-8 melanoma cells served as targets of specific CTL in 51Cr release assays upon pulsing by untreated or human plasmatreated soluble or SSL-encapsulated Melan-A/MART-1 27–35 (M27–35) or 26–35 (M26–35) epitopes. These reagents were also used to stimulate CTL proliferation, measured as 3H-thymidine incorporation, in the presence of immature dendritic cells (iDC), as antigen-presenting cells (APC). Induction of specific CTL upon stimulation with soluble or SSL-encapsulated peptides was attempted in healthy donors’ PBMC or melanoma-derived TIL, and monitored by 51Cr release assays and tetramer staining. Na-8 cells pulsing with SSL M27–35 resulted in a five-fold more effective killing by specific CTL as compared with equal amounts of S M27–35. Encapsulation into SSL also provided a partial (50%) protection of M27–35 from plasma hydrolysis. No specific advantages regarding M26–35 were detectable in these assays. However, at low epitope concentrations (p100 ng ml1), SSL M26–35 was significantly more effective in inducing CTL proliferation than S M26–35, in the presence of iDC, as APC. Preincubation with iDC for 6 h virtually abolished the capacity of S M26–35 to stimulate specific CTL proliferation, but only partially affected that of SSL M26–35. Most importantly, SSL M26–35 was able to enhance the induction of specific CTL in healthy donors PBMC and in melanoma-derived TIL as compared to S M26–35. Taken together, our data indicate that encapsulation of TAA epitopes into SSL results in effective immunogenic formulations suitable for clinical use in active specific tumour immunotherapy.
Encapsulation into sterically stabilized liposomes enhances the immunogenicity of melanoma associated Melan-A/MART-1 epitopes / Adamina, M; Bolli, M; Albo, F; Cavazza, Antonella; Zajac, P; Padovan, E; Schumacher, R; Reschner, A; Feder, C; MARTI W., R; Oertli, D; Heberer, M; Spagnoli, G.. - In: BRITISH JOURNAL OF CANCER. - ISSN 0007-0920. - 90(2004), pp. 263-269. [10.1038/sj.bjc.6601473]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11381/1895548
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