GFP mutants are known to display fluorescence flickering, a process that occurs in a wide time range. Because serine 65, threonine 203, glutamate 222, and histidine 148 have been indicated as key residues in determining the GFP fluorescence photodynamics, we have focused here on the role of histidine 148 and glutamate 222 by studying the fluorescence dynamics of GFPmut2 (S65A, V68L, and S72A GFP) and its H148G (Mut2G) and E222Q (Mut2Q) mutants. Two relaxation components are found in the fluorescence autocorrelation functions of GFPmut2: a 10−100 μs pH-dependent component and a 100−500 μs laser-power-dependent component. The comparison of these three mutants shows that the mutation of histidine 148 to glycine induces a 3-fold increase in the protonation rate, thereby indicating that the protonation−deprotonation of the chromophore occurs via a proton exchange with the solution mediated by the histidine 148 residue. The power-dependent but pH-independent relaxation mode, which is not affected by the E222Q and H148G mutations, is due to an excited-state process that is probably related to conformational rearrangements of the chromophore after the photoexcitation, more than to the chromophore excited-state proton transfer.

Protonation and conformational dynamics of GFP mutants by two-photon excitation fluorescence correlation spectroscopy / Bosisio, C; Quercioli, V; Collini, M; Dalfonso, L; Baldini, G; Bettati, Stefano; Campanini, Barbara; Raboni, Samanta; Chirico, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL. - ISSN 1520-6106. - 112:29(2008), pp. 8806-8814. [10.1021/jp801164n]

Protonation and conformational dynamics of GFP mutants by two-photon excitation fluorescence correlation spectroscopy

BETTATI, Stefano;CAMPANINI, Barbara;RABONI, Samanta;
2008

Abstract

GFP mutants are known to display fluorescence flickering, a process that occurs in a wide time range. Because serine 65, threonine 203, glutamate 222, and histidine 148 have been indicated as key residues in determining the GFP fluorescence photodynamics, we have focused here on the role of histidine 148 and glutamate 222 by studying the fluorescence dynamics of GFPmut2 (S65A, V68L, and S72A GFP) and its H148G (Mut2G) and E222Q (Mut2Q) mutants. Two relaxation components are found in the fluorescence autocorrelation functions of GFPmut2: a 10−100 μs pH-dependent component and a 100−500 μs laser-power-dependent component. The comparison of these three mutants shows that the mutation of histidine 148 to glycine induces a 3-fold increase in the protonation rate, thereby indicating that the protonation−deprotonation of the chromophore occurs via a proton exchange with the solution mediated by the histidine 148 residue. The power-dependent but pH-independent relaxation mode, which is not affected by the E222Q and H148G mutations, is due to an excited-state process that is probably related to conformational rearrangements of the chromophore after the photoexcitation, more than to the chromophore excited-state proton transfer.
Protonation and conformational dynamics of GFP mutants by two-photon excitation fluorescence correlation spectroscopy / Bosisio, C; Quercioli, V; Collini, M; Dalfonso, L; Baldini, G; Bettati, Stefano; Campanini, Barbara; Raboni, Samanta; Chirico, G.. - In: JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. B, CONDENSED MATTER, MATERIALS, SURFACES, INTERFACES & BIOPHYSICAL. - ISSN 1520-6106. - 112:29(2008), pp. 8806-8814. [10.1021/jp801164n]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/1840446
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