Calix[n]arenes functionalized with guanidinium groups at the upper rim and alkyl chains at the lower rim bind to DNA, condense it, and in some cases, promote cell transfection depending on their structure and lipophilicity. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies indicate that upon DNA binding the hydrophobic association of the lipophilic chains of cone guanidinium calix[4] arenes drives the formation of intramolecular DNA condensates, characterized by DNA loops emerging from a dense core. Furthermore, hexyl and octyl chains confer to these calixarenes cell transfection capabilities. Conversely, larger and conformationally mobile calix[6]- and calix[8] arene methoxy derivatives form intermolecular aggregates characterized by "gorgonlike" structures composed of multiple plectomenes. These adducts, in which interstrand connections are dominated by electrostatic interactions, fail to promote cell transfection. Finally, calix[4] arenes in a 1,3-alternate conformation show an intermediate behavior because they condense DNA, but the process is driven by charge-charge interactions.

DNA Condensation and Cell Transfection Properties of Guanidinium Calixarenes: Dependence on Macrocycle Lipophilicity, Size, and Conformation / Sansone, Francesco; M., Dudic; Donofrio, Gaetano; Rivetti, Claudio; Baldini, Laura; Casnati, Alessandro; Cellai, Sara; Ungaro, Rocco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-7863. - 128:(2006), pp. 14528-14536. [10.1021/ja0634425]

DNA Condensation and Cell Transfection Properties of Guanidinium Calixarenes: Dependence on Macrocycle Lipophilicity, Size, and Conformation

SANSONE, Francesco;DONOFRIO, Gaetano;RIVETTI, Claudio;BALDINI, Laura;CASNATI, Alessandro;CELLAI, Sara;UNGARO, Rocco
2006

Abstract

Calix[n]arenes functionalized with guanidinium groups at the upper rim and alkyl chains at the lower rim bind to DNA, condense it, and in some cases, promote cell transfection depending on their structure and lipophilicity. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) studies indicate that upon DNA binding the hydrophobic association of the lipophilic chains of cone guanidinium calix[4] arenes drives the formation of intramolecular DNA condensates, characterized by DNA loops emerging from a dense core. Furthermore, hexyl and octyl chains confer to these calixarenes cell transfection capabilities. Conversely, larger and conformationally mobile calix[6]- and calix[8] arene methoxy derivatives form intermolecular aggregates characterized by "gorgonlike" structures composed of multiple plectomenes. These adducts, in which interstrand connections are dominated by electrostatic interactions, fail to promote cell transfection. Finally, calix[4] arenes in a 1,3-alternate conformation show an intermediate behavior because they condense DNA, but the process is driven by charge-charge interactions.
DNA Condensation and Cell Transfection Properties of Guanidinium Calixarenes: Dependence on Macrocycle Lipophilicity, Size, and Conformation / Sansone, Francesco; M., Dudic; Donofrio, Gaetano; Rivetti, Claudio; Baldini, Laura; Casnati, Alessandro; Cellai, Sara; Ungaro, Rocco. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. - ISSN 0002-7863. - 128:(2006), pp. 14528-14536. [10.1021/ja0634425]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/1507155
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