The formaldehyde (FA) content in different fish products was evaluated using a solid phase microextraction (SPME)-GC–MS method based on fiber derivatisation with pentafluorobenzyl-hydroxyl-amine hydrochloride. LOD and LOQ values of 17 and 28 lg kg1, respectively were calculated. Fish quality was assessed by the analysis of 12 species (sea-fish, freshwater-fish and crustaceans), revealing variable FA levels. Fresh, deep frozen, canned, boiled and roasted fish were analysed; cooking always produced a decrease in the analyte content. Fish belonging to the Gadidae family were the samples with the highest FA concentration (from 6.4 ± 1.2 mg kg1 to 293 ± 26 mg kg1), in four cases out of 14 exceeding the value of 60 mg kg1 proposed by the Italian Ministry of Health. Storage on ice was also investigated, showing moderate FA production also at temperature around 0 C. FA contents lower than 22 mg kg1 were finally found in all the other samples.

Fish and food safety: determination of formaldehyde in 12 fish species by SPME extraction and GC-MS analysis / Bianchi, Federica; Careri, Maria; Musci, Marilena; Mangia, Alessandro. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 100:(2007), pp. 1049-1053. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.089]

Fish and food safety: determination of formaldehyde in 12 fish species by SPME extraction and GC-MS analysis

BIANCHI, Federica
;
CARERI, Maria;MUSCI, Marilena;MANGIA, Alessandro
2007-01-01

Abstract

The formaldehyde (FA) content in different fish products was evaluated using a solid phase microextraction (SPME)-GC–MS method based on fiber derivatisation with pentafluorobenzyl-hydroxyl-amine hydrochloride. LOD and LOQ values of 17 and 28 lg kg1, respectively were calculated. Fish quality was assessed by the analysis of 12 species (sea-fish, freshwater-fish and crustaceans), revealing variable FA levels. Fresh, deep frozen, canned, boiled and roasted fish were analysed; cooking always produced a decrease in the analyte content. Fish belonging to the Gadidae family were the samples with the highest FA concentration (from 6.4 ± 1.2 mg kg1 to 293 ± 26 mg kg1), in four cases out of 14 exceeding the value of 60 mg kg1 proposed by the Italian Ministry of Health. Storage on ice was also investigated, showing moderate FA production also at temperature around 0 C. FA contents lower than 22 mg kg1 were finally found in all the other samples.
2007
Fish and food safety: determination of formaldehyde in 12 fish species by SPME extraction and GC-MS analysis / Bianchi, Federica; Careri, Maria; Musci, Marilena; Mangia, Alessandro. - In: FOOD CHEMISTRY. - ISSN 0308-8146. - 100:(2007), pp. 1049-1053. [10.1016/j.foodchem.2005.09.089]
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