Total and cell wall-bound cadmium and the major antioxidants were measured in thalli of the lichen Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. exposed to two Cd concentrations, namely 4.5 or 9.0 μm, in liquid medium during exposure periods of either 24 or 48 h. Total Cd in the thalli was within the range of previous field measurements and was proportional to the exposure concentration, but less than proportional with respect to exposure duration. More than half of the total Cd was immobilised by the cell wall. The adopted conditions of Cd stress caused: (i) no changes in dry weight and protein concentration; (ii) an increase in the level of ascorbic acid and a decrease in that of reduced glutathione, as well as an increase in guaiacol peroxidase activity; (iii) no changes or moderate decreases in the activities of superoxide dismutase, catalase, dehydroascorbate-, NADPH-dependent glutathione disulfide-, and monodehydroascorbate reductases and of ascorbate peroxidase; (iv) an increase of the level of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, assumed to reflect malondialdehyde formation arising from membrane lipid peroxidation. Thus, X. parietina might withstand realistic levels of Cd stress by: (1) intercepting the heavy metal at cell wall level, (2) the intervention of antioxidant metabolites, and (3) a moderate increase in guaiacol peroxidase activity
I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.