Objectives: The goal of this multicentre retrospective cohort study was to evaluate technical success and early and late outcomes of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR) with grafts deployed upside down through antegrade access, to treat thoracic aortic diseases. Methods: Antegrade TEVAR operations performed between January 2010 and December 2021 were collected and analysed. Both elective and urgent procedures were included. Exclusion criteria were endografts deployed in previous or concomitant surgical or endovascular repairs. Results: Fourteen patients were enrolled; 13 were males (94%) with a mean age of 71 years (interquartile range 62; 78). Five patients underwent urgent procedures (2 ruptured aortas and 3 symptomatic patients). Indications for treatment were 8 (57%) aneurysms/pseudoaneurysms, 3 (21%) dissections and 3 (21%) penetrating aortic ulcers. Technical success was achieved in all procedures. Early mortality occurred in 4 (28%) cases, all urgent procedures. Median follow-up was 13 months (interquartile range 1; 44). Late deaths occurred in 2 (20%) patients, both operated on in elective settings. The first died at 19 months of aortic-related reintervention; the second died at 34 months of a non-aortic-related cause. Two patients (14%) underwent aortic-related reinterventions for late type I endoleak. The survival rate of those having the elective procedures was 100%, 84% and 67% at 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Freedom from reintervention was 92%, 56% and 56% at 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Conclusions: Antegrade TEVAR can seldom be considered an alternative when traditional retrograde approach is not feasible. Despite good technical success and few access-site complications, this study demonstrates high rates of late type I endoleak and aortic-related reinterventions.

Multicentre experience of antegrade thoracic endovascular aortic repair for the treatment of thoracic aortic diseases / Gibello, Lorenzo; Antonello, Michele; Civilini, Efrem; Pellenc, Quentin; Bellosta, Raffaello; Carbonari, Luciano; Bonardelli, Stefano; Freyrie, Antonio; Riambau, Vincent; Varetto, Gianfranco; Verzini, Fabio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1873-734X. - 65:5(2024). [10.1093/ejcts/ezae185]

Multicentre experience of antegrade thoracic endovascular aortic repair for the treatment of thoracic aortic diseases

Freyrie, Antonio;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Objectives: The goal of this multicentre retrospective cohort study was to evaluate technical success and early and late outcomes of thoracic endovascular repair (TEVAR) with grafts deployed upside down through antegrade access, to treat thoracic aortic diseases. Methods: Antegrade TEVAR operations performed between January 2010 and December 2021 were collected and analysed. Both elective and urgent procedures were included. Exclusion criteria were endografts deployed in previous or concomitant surgical or endovascular repairs. Results: Fourteen patients were enrolled; 13 were males (94%) with a mean age of 71 years (interquartile range 62; 78). Five patients underwent urgent procedures (2 ruptured aortas and 3 symptomatic patients). Indications for treatment were 8 (57%) aneurysms/pseudoaneurysms, 3 (21%) dissections and 3 (21%) penetrating aortic ulcers. Technical success was achieved in all procedures. Early mortality occurred in 4 (28%) cases, all urgent procedures. Median follow-up was 13 months (interquartile range 1; 44). Late deaths occurred in 2 (20%) patients, both operated on in elective settings. The first died at 19 months of aortic-related reintervention; the second died at 34 months of a non-aortic-related cause. Two patients (14%) underwent aortic-related reinterventions for late type I endoleak. The survival rate of those having the elective procedures was 100%, 84% and 67% at 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Freedom from reintervention was 92%, 56% and 56% at 12, 24 and 36 months, respectively. Conclusions: Antegrade TEVAR can seldom be considered an alternative when traditional retrograde approach is not feasible. Despite good technical success and few access-site complications, this study demonstrates high rates of late type I endoleak and aortic-related reinterventions.
2024
Multicentre experience of antegrade thoracic endovascular aortic repair for the treatment of thoracic aortic diseases / Gibello, Lorenzo; Antonello, Michele; Civilini, Efrem; Pellenc, Quentin; Bellosta, Raffaello; Carbonari, Luciano; Bonardelli, Stefano; Freyrie, Antonio; Riambau, Vincent; Varetto, Gianfranco; Verzini, Fabio. - In: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF CARDIO-THORACIC SURGERY. - ISSN 1873-734X. - 65:5(2024). [10.1093/ejcts/ezae185]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2983993
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