IL-33 is a multifaceted cytokine, plays a pivotal role in various biological processes, making it a subject of extensive research and intrigue in the field of immunology. This cytokine acts as a key regulator, effectively putting the brakes on proinflammatory nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), thereby modulating chromatin compaction by promoting nucleosome-to-nucleosome interactions. IL-33's influence extends to the realm of innate and acquired immunity through its binding to the membrane-bound ST2 molecule (ST2L) of the IL-33R complex, which is expressed on various immune cells, such as Th2 cells, mast cells, natural killer cells, myeloid cells, and dendritic cells. IL-33's role in inflammation is far from one-dimensional, as it has been found to have a dual role in inflammatory disorders. In the quest to understand the origins of IL-33, immunohistochemical examination of lung tissue samples from patients with adenocarcinoma could shed light on its presence in bronchial epithelial and vascular endothelial cells, in lung tissue cancerous lesions. For this reason, we conducted a pilot study about the immunohistochemical expression of IL-33 in surgical specimens of stage 1 o 2 lung adenocarcinoma received after lung resection surgery.Our results demonstrated that patients had nuclear IL-33 immunopositivity in the alveolar pneumocytes of the normal lung tissue at the periphery of lung adenocarcinoma specimen. Note the evident negativity of the neoplastic adenocarcinoma cells. Other data showed IL-33 nuclear immunoexpression in endothelial cells of intratumoral vascular structures.This finding could indicate that IL-33 might be involved in regulating blood vessel formation and maintenance within the tumor, which is a critical factor in tumor growth and progression.The presence of IL-33 in normal lung tissue and intratumoral vascular structures may be related to its physiological functions in these contexts, while its absence in neoplastic adenocarcinoma cells could indicate a potential loss of regulatory control, which might have implications for the development and progression of the tumor.

IL-33 immunohistochemical pattern of expression in neoplastic and nonneoplastic peripheral lung tissues of stage 1 o 2 lung adenocarcinoma / Casciaro, M.; Gangemi, S.; Caramori, G.; Nucera, F.; Tuccari, G.; Ieni, A.. - In: PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0344-0338. - 255:1(2024), pp. 155208.1-155208.5. [10.1016/j.prp.2024.155208]

IL-33 immunohistochemical pattern of expression in neoplastic and nonneoplastic peripheral lung tissues of stage 1 o 2 lung adenocarcinoma

Caramori G.
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
2024-01-01

Abstract

IL-33 is a multifaceted cytokine, plays a pivotal role in various biological processes, making it a subject of extensive research and intrigue in the field of immunology. This cytokine acts as a key regulator, effectively putting the brakes on proinflammatory nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB), thereby modulating chromatin compaction by promoting nucleosome-to-nucleosome interactions. IL-33's influence extends to the realm of innate and acquired immunity through its binding to the membrane-bound ST2 molecule (ST2L) of the IL-33R complex, which is expressed on various immune cells, such as Th2 cells, mast cells, natural killer cells, myeloid cells, and dendritic cells. IL-33's role in inflammation is far from one-dimensional, as it has been found to have a dual role in inflammatory disorders. In the quest to understand the origins of IL-33, immunohistochemical examination of lung tissue samples from patients with adenocarcinoma could shed light on its presence in bronchial epithelial and vascular endothelial cells, in lung tissue cancerous lesions. For this reason, we conducted a pilot study about the immunohistochemical expression of IL-33 in surgical specimens of stage 1 o 2 lung adenocarcinoma received after lung resection surgery.Our results demonstrated that patients had nuclear IL-33 immunopositivity in the alveolar pneumocytes of the normal lung tissue at the periphery of lung adenocarcinoma specimen. Note the evident negativity of the neoplastic adenocarcinoma cells. Other data showed IL-33 nuclear immunoexpression in endothelial cells of intratumoral vascular structures.This finding could indicate that IL-33 might be involved in regulating blood vessel formation and maintenance within the tumor, which is a critical factor in tumor growth and progression.The presence of IL-33 in normal lung tissue and intratumoral vascular structures may be related to its physiological functions in these contexts, while its absence in neoplastic adenocarcinoma cells could indicate a potential loss of regulatory control, which might have implications for the development and progression of the tumor.
2024
IL-33 immunohistochemical pattern of expression in neoplastic and nonneoplastic peripheral lung tissues of stage 1 o 2 lung adenocarcinoma / Casciaro, M.; Gangemi, S.; Caramori, G.; Nucera, F.; Tuccari, G.; Ieni, A.. - In: PATHOLOGY RESEARCH AND PRACTICE. - ISSN 0344-0338. - 255:1(2024), pp. 155208.1-155208.5. [10.1016/j.prp.2024.155208]
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2982635
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 0
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact