Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disease affecting 0.5-1% of the population worldwide. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a serious pulmonary complication of RA and it is responsible for 10-20% of mortality, with a mean survival of 5-8 years. However, nowadays there are no therapeutic recommendations for the treatment of RA-ILD. Therapeutic options for RA-ILD are complicated by the possible pulmonary toxicity of many disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and by their unclear efficacy on pulmonary disease. Therefore, joint and lung involvement should be evaluated independently of each other for treatment purposes. On the other hand, some similarities between RA-ILD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and the results of the recent INBIULD trial suggest a possible future role for antifibrotic agents. From this perspective, we review the current literature describing the pulmonary effects of drugs (immunosuppressants, conventional, biological and target synthetic DMARDs and antifibrotic agents) in patients with RA and ILD. In addition, we suggest a framework for the management of RA-ILD patients and outline a research agenda to fill the gaps in knowledge about this challenging patient cohort.

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease: Lights and Shadows / Cassone, Giulia; Manfredi, Andreina; Vacchi, Caterina; Luppi, Fabrizio; Coppi, Francesca; Salvarani, Carlo; Sebastiani, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:4(2020), pp. 1082-1082. [10.3390/jcm9041082]

Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease: Lights and Shadows

Sebastiani, Marco
2020-01-01

Abstract

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic and systemic inflammatory disease affecting 0.5-1% of the population worldwide. Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a serious pulmonary complication of RA and it is responsible for 10-20% of mortality, with a mean survival of 5-8 years. However, nowadays there are no therapeutic recommendations for the treatment of RA-ILD. Therapeutic options for RA-ILD are complicated by the possible pulmonary toxicity of many disease modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) and by their unclear efficacy on pulmonary disease. Therefore, joint and lung involvement should be evaluated independently of each other for treatment purposes. On the other hand, some similarities between RA-ILD and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and the results of the recent INBIULD trial suggest a possible future role for antifibrotic agents. From this perspective, we review the current literature describing the pulmonary effects of drugs (immunosuppressants, conventional, biological and target synthetic DMARDs and antifibrotic agents) in patients with RA and ILD. In addition, we suggest a framework for the management of RA-ILD patients and outline a research agenda to fill the gaps in knowledge about this challenging patient cohort.
2020
Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis-Associated Interstitial Lung Disease: Lights and Shadows / Cassone, Giulia; Manfredi, Andreina; Vacchi, Caterina; Luppi, Fabrizio; Coppi, Francesca; Salvarani, Carlo; Sebastiani, Marco. - In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL MEDICINE. - ISSN 2077-0383. - 9:4(2020), pp. 1082-1082. [10.3390/jcm9041082]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2977529
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