Carbon dioxide storage technologies are needed not only to store the carbon captured in the emissions of hard-to-abate sectors but also for some carbon dioxide removal technologies requiring a final and permanent storage of CO2. The pace and scale of geological CO2 storage deployment have fallen short of expectations, and there is a growing interest in ocean-based CO2 storage options. As complementary to geological storage, buffered accelerated weathering of limestone (BAWL) has been proposed to produce a buffered ionic solution at seawater pH, derived from the reaction in seawater between a CO2 stream and a micron-sized powder of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), within a long tubular reactor. The addition of calcium hydroxide to buffer the unreacted CO2 before the discharge in seawater is also envisaged. BAWL avoids the risks of CO2 degassing back into the atmosphere and does not induce seawater acidification. This work presents a mass and energy balance and preliminary cost analysis of the technology for different configurations of discharge depth (100, 500, 3,000 m), pipeline length (10, 25, 100 km) and diameter of CaCO3 particles (1, 2, 10 mu m) fed in the tubular reactor. The total energy consumption to capture and store 1 t of CO2 generated by a steam-methane reforming (SMR) process ranges from 1.3 to 2.2 MWh. The CO2 released from the CaCO3 calcination to produce the buffering solution leads to a total CO2 storage requirement 43-85% higher than the CO2 derived by SMR. The total cost to capture and store 1 t of CO2 from SMR is estimated in the range 142-189 euro.

Techno-economic evaluation of buffered accelerated weathering of limestone as a CO2 capture and storage option / De Marco, Serena; Varliero, Selene; Caserini, Stefano; Cappello, Giovanni; Raos, Guido; Campo, Francesco; Grosso, Mario. - In: MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE. - ISSN 1381-2386. - 28:3(2023). [10.1007/s11027-023-10052-x]

Techno-economic evaluation of buffered accelerated weathering of limestone as a CO2 capture and storage option

Caserini, Stefano
;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Carbon dioxide storage technologies are needed not only to store the carbon captured in the emissions of hard-to-abate sectors but also for some carbon dioxide removal technologies requiring a final and permanent storage of CO2. The pace and scale of geological CO2 storage deployment have fallen short of expectations, and there is a growing interest in ocean-based CO2 storage options. As complementary to geological storage, buffered accelerated weathering of limestone (BAWL) has been proposed to produce a buffered ionic solution at seawater pH, derived from the reaction in seawater between a CO2 stream and a micron-sized powder of calcium carbonate (CaCO3), within a long tubular reactor. The addition of calcium hydroxide to buffer the unreacted CO2 before the discharge in seawater is also envisaged. BAWL avoids the risks of CO2 degassing back into the atmosphere and does not induce seawater acidification. This work presents a mass and energy balance and preliminary cost analysis of the technology for different configurations of discharge depth (100, 500, 3,000 m), pipeline length (10, 25, 100 km) and diameter of CaCO3 particles (1, 2, 10 mu m) fed in the tubular reactor. The total energy consumption to capture and store 1 t of CO2 generated by a steam-methane reforming (SMR) process ranges from 1.3 to 2.2 MWh. The CO2 released from the CaCO3 calcination to produce the buffering solution leads to a total CO2 storage requirement 43-85% higher than the CO2 derived by SMR. The total cost to capture and store 1 t of CO2 from SMR is estimated in the range 142-189 euro.
2023
Techno-economic evaluation of buffered accelerated weathering of limestone as a CO2 capture and storage option / De Marco, Serena; Varliero, Selene; Caserini, Stefano; Cappello, Giovanni; Raos, Guido; Campo, Francesco; Grosso, Mario. - In: MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR GLOBAL CHANGE. - ISSN 1381-2386. - 28:3(2023). [10.1007/s11027-023-10052-x]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2973212
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