Background: The lack of disease-modifying drugs is one of the major unmet needs in patients with heart failure (HF). Peptides are highly selective molecules with the potential to act directly on cardiomyocytes. However, a strategy for effective delivery of therapeutics to the heart is lacking. Objectives: In this study, the authors sought to assess tolerability and efficacy of an inhalable lung-to-heart nano-in-micro technology (LungToHeartNIM) for cardiac-specific targeting of a mimetic peptide (MP), a first-in-class for modulating impaired L-type calcium channel (LTCC) trafficking, in a clinically relevant porcine model of HF. Methods: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) was induced in Göttingen minipigs by means of tachypacing over 6 weeks. In a setting of overt HFrEF (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 30% ± 8%), animals were randomized and treatment was started after 4 weeks of tachypacing. HFrEF animals inhaled either a dry powder composed of mannitol-based microparticles embedding biocompatible MP-loaded calcium phosphate nanoparticles (dpCaP-MP) or the LungToHeartNIM only (dpCaP without MP). Efficacy was evaluated with the use of echocardiography, invasive hemodynamics, and biomarker assessment. Results: DpCaP-MP inhalation restored systolic function, as shown by an absolute LVEF increase over the treatment period of 17% ± 6%, while reversing cardiac remodeling and reducing pulmonary congestion. The effect was recapitulated ex vivo in cardiac myofibrils from treated HF animals. The treatment was well tolerated, and no adverse events occurred. Conclusions: The overall tolerability of LungToHeartNIM along with the beneficial effects of the LTCC modulator point toward a game-changing treatment for HFrEF patients, also demonstrating the effective delivery of a therapeutic peptide to the diseased heart.

Lung-to-Heart Nano-in-Micro Peptide Promotes Cardiac Recovery in a Pig Model of Chronic Heart Failure / Alogna, Alessio; Berboth, Leonhard; Faragli, Alessandro; Ötvös, Jens; Lo Muzio, Francesco Paolo; di Mauro, Vittoria; Modica, Jessica; Quarta, Eride; Semmler, Lukas; Deißler, Peter Maximilian; Berger, Yannic Wanja; Tran, Khai Liem; de Marchi, Beatrice; Longinotti-Buitoni, Gianluigi; Degli Esposti, Lorenzo; Guillot, Etienne; Bazile, Didier; Iafisco, Michele; Dotti, Alessandro; Bang, Marie-Louise; de Luca, Claudio; Brandenberger, Christina; Benazzi, Louise; di Silvestre, Dario; de Palma, Antonella; Primeßnig, Uwe; Hohendanner, Felix; Perna, Simone; Buttini, Francesca; Colombo, Paolo; Mühlfeld, Christian; Steendijk, Paul; Mauri, Pierluigi; Tschöpe, Carsten; Borlaug, Barry; Pieske, Burkert M; Attanasio, Philipp; Post, Heiner; Heinzel, Frank R; Catalucci, Daniele. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 83:1(2024), pp. 47-59. [10.1016/j.jacc.2023.10.029]

Lung-to-Heart Nano-in-Micro Peptide Promotes Cardiac Recovery in a Pig Model of Chronic Heart Failure

Lo Muzio, Francesco Paolo;Quarta, Eride;Degli Esposti, Lorenzo;Buttini, Francesca;Colombo, Paolo;
2024-01-01

Abstract

Background: The lack of disease-modifying drugs is one of the major unmet needs in patients with heart failure (HF). Peptides are highly selective molecules with the potential to act directly on cardiomyocytes. However, a strategy for effective delivery of therapeutics to the heart is lacking. Objectives: In this study, the authors sought to assess tolerability and efficacy of an inhalable lung-to-heart nano-in-micro technology (LungToHeartNIM) for cardiac-specific targeting of a mimetic peptide (MP), a first-in-class for modulating impaired L-type calcium channel (LTCC) trafficking, in a clinically relevant porcine model of HF. Methods: Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) was induced in Göttingen minipigs by means of tachypacing over 6 weeks. In a setting of overt HFrEF (left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] 30% ± 8%), animals were randomized and treatment was started after 4 weeks of tachypacing. HFrEF animals inhaled either a dry powder composed of mannitol-based microparticles embedding biocompatible MP-loaded calcium phosphate nanoparticles (dpCaP-MP) or the LungToHeartNIM only (dpCaP without MP). Efficacy was evaluated with the use of echocardiography, invasive hemodynamics, and biomarker assessment. Results: DpCaP-MP inhalation restored systolic function, as shown by an absolute LVEF increase over the treatment period of 17% ± 6%, while reversing cardiac remodeling and reducing pulmonary congestion. The effect was recapitulated ex vivo in cardiac myofibrils from treated HF animals. The treatment was well tolerated, and no adverse events occurred. Conclusions: The overall tolerability of LungToHeartNIM along with the beneficial effects of the LTCC modulator point toward a game-changing treatment for HFrEF patients, also demonstrating the effective delivery of a therapeutic peptide to the diseased heart.
2024
Lung-to-Heart Nano-in-Micro Peptide Promotes Cardiac Recovery in a Pig Model of Chronic Heart Failure / Alogna, Alessio; Berboth, Leonhard; Faragli, Alessandro; Ötvös, Jens; Lo Muzio, Francesco Paolo; di Mauro, Vittoria; Modica, Jessica; Quarta, Eride; Semmler, Lukas; Deißler, Peter Maximilian; Berger, Yannic Wanja; Tran, Khai Liem; de Marchi, Beatrice; Longinotti-Buitoni, Gianluigi; Degli Esposti, Lorenzo; Guillot, Etienne; Bazile, Didier; Iafisco, Michele; Dotti, Alessandro; Bang, Marie-Louise; de Luca, Claudio; Brandenberger, Christina; Benazzi, Louise; di Silvestre, Dario; de Palma, Antonella; Primeßnig, Uwe; Hohendanner, Felix; Perna, Simone; Buttini, Francesca; Colombo, Paolo; Mühlfeld, Christian; Steendijk, Paul; Mauri, Pierluigi; Tschöpe, Carsten; Borlaug, Barry; Pieske, Burkert M; Attanasio, Philipp; Post, Heiner; Heinzel, Frank R; Catalucci, Daniele. - In: JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY. - ISSN 0735-1097. - 83:1(2024), pp. 47-59. [10.1016/j.jacc.2023.10.029]
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11381/2968332
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